To understand this portion we need to comprehend that Revelation is consider an apocalyptic literature. An apocalyptic intends to show a future anticipated truth about the end time. John wrote Revelation and he intend to reveal the truth that is to come. The truth is overwhelming that John's words cannot properly convey his vision, therefore John wrote it in symbols and codes. Revelation has a narrative framework that is build on a dualistic understanding of reality. That there are two eras which consist of the present and the future where humans have to choose sides according to Blount. Humanity does not have to wait for God to act because God has already done so, therefore responding correctly to the past act will transfigured the future. The Christian apocalyptic encompasses a concern for the whole world and not just on the individual.
According to NRSV, Revelation 12:7-12 is labeled Michael Defeats the Dragon. Just reading the title, it suggest that good will defeat evil. The main characters used in this section are: Michael, God, and the Dragon. In verse 7, it is indicated that the war started in heaven where good and evil were still co-existing together in heaven. John's description of "war of heaven" is a combination of Satan and Leviathan tradition to persuade his constituency, God's team had to fight on two fronts at the same time. The war breaks out at God's initiative where the dragon and those who represent God will battle. John does not put God in this battle because the dragon is not consider on the same level of power as God. Therefore Michael will be God's representative to engage the dragon directly and Michael is capable of performing this task.
Michael is the archangel that will act on behalf of God, but yet this is the only time Michael is mention in the whole book of Revelations. Michael does appear in the New Testament (Jude 1:9) to dispute with Satan over the body of Moses. John seems to present Michael as the defender of the faithful people according to the book of Daniel (10:13, 21; 12:1). The protective role is fulfilled by having Michael battling the dragon and its angels. The dragon made the first move by making an attempt to attack Jesus' life (12:4) which triggers Michael's protective response.
This scenario proves why Jesus is not fighting for God in heaven along with Michael because Jesus fight will be the historical one. The engagement that Jesus would have with the dragon would happen on earth on the cross (12:11). While Jesus is dying on the cross, Michael and his angels are fighting in heaven with the dragon. When Michael expels the dragon from heaven, Jesus is resurrected and taken to the throne. As Jesus rises to heaven, the dragon is thrown down to earth which the dragon takes out his anger out on the people of God.
In verse 8, the dragon experience defeat and recognize that there is no place for him and his followers in heaven. Then in verse 9, there are two points about the dragon which...