This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Review

1347 words - 6 pages

According to Gellner, groups are bounded and maintained by an amalgam of two key motives, “two generic agents or catalysts of group formation and maintenance are obviously crucial: will, voluntary adherence and identification, loyalty, solidarity, on the one hand; and fear, coercion, compulsion, one the other” (Gellner, 2008, p. 52). Any of these elements cannot stand alone in making the nation formation a distinctive process. The will alone does not disguise the nation from the other groups, such as gangs, social clubs, etc. Similarly, cultural boundaries do not qualify to do so either, as they are not static neither homogeneous. The rapid reinforcement of a certain culture creates the impression that nationality is associated with having a common culture, which claim to be the traditional culture, however not all of the former elements was incorporated to the that culture, but this was a very selective process, and this selectivity is obvious in the case of language (Suny & Kennedy, 2001).
The nation can be defined according to the concepts of culture and will. Some of these circumstances are social and cultural, both are ought to be absorbed and standardized, and provided with a central protection that includes all of the nation’s members. At that point, the state’s culture that is integrated and validated will unite the population and make them identify with one another. Under such a culture, the nation would gain its members who would be sharing a mutual culture, and will maintain them through social organization and force (Suny & Kennedy, 2001). Gellner does not consider the state or nationalism to be universal and permanent, but culture and social organization are according to him universal (Gellner, 2008).
World War II has brought the end of high dynasticism and empires, and the nation-state according to Anderson, has become an international norm after the creation of League of Nations. Anderson asserts, “by 1922 Habsburgs, Hohenzollerns, Romanovs and Ottomans were gone ... From this time on, the legitimate international norm was the nation-state, so that in the League even the surviving imperial powers came dressed in national costume rather than imperial uniform” (Anderson, 2006, p. 115). Anderson emphasizes that nationalism cannot be usurped, as the concept can be reinforced and replicated by various sociopolitical dynamics. The state became ultimately dependent for its survival on nationalism. According to Anderson, there is no replacement for the nation-state, as even by a regime change and revolution, the revolutionaries copy and inherit the state from the previous regime. Consequently, the previous memories, laws, archives are to be inherited as well, but not by any group in the state, except the leading one as he hints. In addition, by the name of nationalism, masses mobilization is achieved to defend the state.
Gellner believes that if the state was the sole representative of the masses will and culture, then this will create...

Find Another Essay On review

review

802 words - 4 pages Terminalia arjuna in the overall management of cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this review is to bring together the available published information on phytochemical, pharmacological and clinical aspects of Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. in cardiovascular diseases as well as in a bid to highlight the importance of this pioneer resource in the fight against vascular diseases.

Review

904 words - 4 pages “Get your Pho on!” at Noodle & Chopstick inside the Pho Green Papaya! -Restaurant Review Noodles and Chopsticks is located on 2000 West 3500 South West Valley City, Utah. Inside the premises that displays “Pho Green Papaya” in bold green and red letters. I suspect that they haven’t had time to change the sign posted on the outside of the building, since they just re-opened after re-constructing its interior. As soon as my family and I

Judicial Review

1062 words - 4 pages Judicial review was enacted as a checks and balance step when concerning the government and the interpretation of the U.S. Constitution. Judicial review gives the court the power to review and change laws and government acts that violate the Constitution (Huq, n.d.). Allowing the court system this power helps prevent government officials from using the Constitution to illegally use their position in making laws and regulations in the United

Peer Review

877 words - 4 pages Peer review is one of important elements for academic sources. According to Lunsford (2013), peer review helps the writer see what he or she wrote from other viewpoints and what strong and weak point the paper has. In order to do that, this paper will review the partner’s paragraph which the partner composed in paragraph assignment. The rhetorical situation of the paragraph is she will have a presentation for a small class of HSC History

Judicial Review

1217 words - 5 pages their rights and liberties, it is also true that Article III of the Constitution was deliberately vague about the powers of the Judicial Branch to allow future generations to decide what exactly those powers should be. In the 1803 case of Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice John Marshall, established the Court’s power of judicial review. However, as Jill Lepore, Harvard professor of American History, argued, “This was such

Writing Review

893 words - 4 pages master how formal English is properly written. Apart from grammar problems, I realize that English 1302 significantly improved my writing skill, especially in composing a literature review and research argument. Moreover, I am now able to effectively evaluate and incorporate sources into my writing. English 1302 taught me how to effectively compose a quality literature review. Specifically, I learn that I need to have a narrow topic for my paper

Literature Review

2065 words - 8 pages IntroductionPURPOSE OF THIS REVIEWThis literature review and synthesis aims at developing a knowledge base to inform the Ministry of Education onHow to develop, implement, and maintain online communities of practice (Cops), and how communicationTechnologies can be used to support them. From the Request for Proposals (RFP), the Ministry of EducationIntended that this review would:• Ensure that the Ministry is well informed by the growing

Legal Review

1396 words - 6 pages REVIEW OF LEGAL SYSTEMS The legal system is a system developed to control the operation of a country’s regulatory, governmental and judicial authority who they supervise and impose the laws and regulations of the country. The legal systems that I choose to briefly review is my home country’s and in particular the Greek (Hellenic) legal system compared to the legal system of the United States of America (USA). I choose the above systems due to

Journal Review

1041 words - 5 pages journals) and ABI-INFORM (1976-2004). Several different key- words were used, forming combinations of the terms 'competence' or 'competency', 'cultural', 'cross-cultural', ‘global’, 'international', or ‘transnational’. They presented the results of their review on how these terms are defined in the literature, grouped in three categories which are international business, workplace diversity and intercultural communications. In the first category

Critical Review

1015 words - 5 pages A critical review of two texts A host of new technologies such as online services, mobile phones, GPS (Global Positioning System), and high-resolution satellite images have dramatically changed the way in which spatial data are produced, used, and shared. Volunteered Geographical Information (VGI) is a pragmatic approach to obtain free spatial data by citizens’ contribution. Although VGI has applied in various disciplines, VGI practices have

literature review

1427 words - 6 pages Literature Review Section This section discusses the research related to reduce the wastage of blood products including blood bank inventory management, various policies and methodologies used for blood bank centers of United States as well as in other parts of the world. The concepts and tools applied to these studies are directly relevant and correlate with my research project. Therefore, I have decided to discuss on these articles for my

Similar Essays

Review

573 words - 3 pages learning a course related to childhood/childcare; from a sociological perspective. I shall review an extract from the textbook. Using three different sociologists perceptions, the authors attempt to identify why and how ethnicity can and does effect achievement within education. Already, the authors' relevant backgrounds and the use of multiple interpretations from sociologists (rather than just the authors' opinions) adds to the validity of

Review

2251 words - 10 pages This critical comparative review discusses three books written by Kenneth Pomeranz and Steven Topik (2012), Ha-Joon Chang (2008), and Gavin Fridell (2013). Above books examine the historical context and the present intricacies of the world trade and its relationship with broad political, economic, societal and ideological forces. The aim of this review is to provide a critique of the increasingly hegemonic position held within the international

Review

1600 words - 7 pages of Global Environmental Issues, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 13-55. Munda, G 1997, 'Environmental Economics, Ecological Economics, and the Concept of Sustainable Development', Environmental Values, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 213-33. Nicholas, S 2006, Stern review on the economics of climate change, Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change, UK Treasury, . Raupach, MR, Marland, G, Ciais, P, Quéré, CL, Canadell, JG, Klepper, G

Review 863 Words

863 words - 4 pages state vital records. Ordering online through Express Legal is secured through high-grade encryption (AES-256, 256 bit keys). Vital certificates may be ordered from the relevant government agency for a lesser cost. Our online processing fee is for the cost of providing a secure online ordering service, expert assistance and thorough review of all pertinent information to ensure compliance with government rules and regulations. No visit to the