Review: “Darwin’s Influence On Modern Thought” (Author: Ernst Mayr)         The

510 words - 2 pages

Review: ?Darwin?s Influence on Modern Thought? (author: Ernst Mayr) The article ?Darwin?s Influence on Modern Thought? informs the reader about Charles Darwin?s theory of evolution and all his ideas about natural selection. These were brave discoveries at the time because they went against the Catholic Church?s theory of evolution that our world was made in six days. This was the biggest conflict against the Catholic Church of it?s time.Charles Darwin founded evolutionary biology, which was a new branch of life science. Four of Charles Darwin?s theories are extremely important. The first one is the non-constancy of species. The second is the notion of branching evolution, implying that all species originate from a single unique origin. The third is that evolution must be gradual, with no major breaks or discontinuities. The fourth was that the mechanism of evolution was natural selection. These four concepts were the foundation of philosophy of biology.Charles Darwin and Alfred Russell Wallace were responsible for the discovery of natural selection, which was an extraordinary philosophical advance. Natural selection helped explain natural and adaptive changes, which were mysteries for more than two thousand years. The basic principle is elimination of inferior individuals, or survival of the fittest.For eighty years after 1859, there was a large controversy over which one of the four theories was the most valid. There was transmutation, which was the beginning of a new species by a mutation or saltation. There was orthogenesis, which was that intrinsic teleological tendencies led to transformation. There was Lamarckian evolution, which was the...

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