This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Review Of" Chatman, Jennifer A. And O'reilly, Charles A. 2004. Asymmetric Reactions To Work Group Sex Diversity Among Men And Women. Academy Of Management Journal, 47 (2): 193 208."

1144 words - 5 pages

Though scholars have amassed significant body of research on how sex diversity influences various work processes, it's still unclear. (a.Chatman and A.Oreilly, 2004)How do men and women react when they are in different sex composed work group? What's the explanation of this reaction?The author used the deductive strategy in the research and he adopts a positivist epistemological position, we deduce a pure Quantitative methodology of article review.The author adopt deductive strategy in the research as he began with theories .First, Status expectation stat theory and hypothesized that men and women will prefer membership in higher status work group.Second , Similarity attraction theory and hypothesized that dominancy of men and women in a group by their own sex will make them more normatively committed, perceive this group as more cooperative and express higher positive affect.Thus, in order to test the hypothesis, the author starts to collect data.The study obtained in a chosen clothing manufacturing plant with participation of 189 professionals in three randomly chosen divisions (Stratified random sampling) at a single point in time to make a social survey research and studying the subject which is considered as a cross sectional research design(collection of data on more than one case at single point of time).(A. Bryman, 2007: 55).To collect data, Self-completion Questionnaires have been obtained. The author mimicked natural science by transferring the data to numbers. Many examples in the article reflect positivist epistemological position e.g. using (1-7 scale) to determine likelihood of transferring from current work group, measuring normative commitment to the organization by using (Caldwell, 1990) Scale's which ask respondent to circle the number reflecting what they agree with, measuring work group cooperation by Johnson &Johnson 5 items scale and finally, creating a dummy variable indicating leadership of respondent.There are differences between the social and natural world. As people interpret the world around them, whereas this self- reflection can't be found in the natural science. (A. Bryman, 2007: 174).Mixing between quantitative and qualitative methodology will be more valuables in handling social science instead of complete mimicking of natural science. The researcher used Self accomplished questioner as a quantitative methodology so, he kept distant from the respondent while participant observation (as a qualitative methodology) can be beneficial for deeper understanding of some respondent's behaviour e.g. work group cooperation and positive affect.Self accomplished questioner completely ignoring that if all respondent have the requested knowledge and the same sense against the discussed topic (Cicourel, 1982).So, qualitative research interview could be useful for deeper understanding of respondent behaviour as it's more flexible than structured interview with self accomplished questioner.Measuring of variablesFirst Dependent...

Find Another Essay On Review of" Chatman, Jennifer A. and O'Reilly, Charles A. 2004. Asymmetric reactions to work group sex diversity among men and women. Academy of Management Journal, 47 (2): 193-208."

A summarizing critique of: Organizational Predictors of Women on Corporate Boards By Hillman. A. J., Shropshire. C. , Cannella Jr. A. A. (2007) In: Academy of Management Journal, 50: 941 - 952

1177 words - 5 pages . 1996. Distinguishing the effects of functional and dysfunctional conflict on strategic decision making: Resolving a paradox for top management teams. Academy of Management Journal, 39: 123-148.BRYMAN, A. and BELL, E., 2007. Business research methods. Second edition edn. New York: Oxford University Press.Carter, D. A., B. J. Simpkins and W. G. Simpson: 2003, Corporate Governance, Board Diversity and Firm Value, Financial Review 38, 33-53Dalton, D

Men, Women, and Sex Differences Essay

2568 words - 10 pages Men, Women, and Sex Differences *Missing Works Cited* Nature vs. Nurture? The debate has obsessed the minds of psychologists and philosophers for many years, each arguing their idea is the right way. ABC aired a TV documentary "Boys and Girls are Different" hosted by John Stossel to show some of the leading feminists ideas and their opponents thoughts. Psychologist, and researcher from the Kinsey Institute, June M. Reinisch believes

An investigation into the use of cooperative Learning Strategies to foster positive social behaviour and satisfactory academic performance in Physical Education among a group of grade nine students.- ...

1215 words - 5 pages Literature Review Literature Review In the Elementary School Journal, 1987, Volume 88, no. 1 pp 21-22, Cooperative Learning is referred to as a " set of instructional methods in which students are encouraged or required to work together in heterogeneous groups on a given tasks." Cooperative learning methods may be simple as having students sit together to discuss or help each other with classroom tasks. Students placed in

An investigation into the use of cooperative Learning Strategies to foster positive social behaviour and satisfactory academic performance in Physical Education among a group of grade nine students.-...

1215 words - 5 pages Literature Review Literature Review In the Elementary School Journal, 1987, Volume 88, no. 1 pp 21-22, Cooperative Learning is referred to as a " set of instructional methods in which students are encouraged or required to work together in heterogeneous groups on a given tasks." Cooperative learning methods may be simple as having students sit together to discuss or help each other with classroom tasks. Students placed in

Men Women and Relationships Book Review

1460 words - 6 pages BOOK REVIEW Men Women and Relationships: Making Peace with the Opposite Sex This book, Men Women and Relationships: Making Peace with the Opposite Sex, by John Gray Ph.D. examines the differences between men and women, and relates these differences to our intimate relationships with the opposite sex. Through thirteen chapters, Gray explores our differences and elaborates on the idea that Men and Women are different creatures who see the world

Sex Differences and the Degree to Which They Exist in Men and Women

4153 words - 17 pages Sex Differences and the Degree to Which They Exist in Men and Women Sex and Gender (Deaux, 1985) The purpose of this article was to come to solid conclusions about the issue of sex and gender differences. Deaux arrived at these conclusions through comprehensive review of studies conducted on the issue in the past. The criteria he used to review this information was he only used psychological literature, he ignored broad physiological

Media and Date Rape With the rise of feminism in the last few decades, there has been a newfound sexual freedom among both men and women. However, this freedom is costly, causing daterape

991 words - 4 pages Date Rape and the Media by Jennifer GreenWith the rise of feminism in the last few decades, there has been a newfound sexual freedom among both men and women. However, this freedom is costly, forcing those involved in any sexual relationship to have definite boundaries. On occasion, misread signals between two people can result in a situation known as date rape. Date rape, also referred to as acquaintance rape, can be defined as a situation

Extensive Literature Review. A experimental study done by my class group, we've included each step and all the variables of our study. Includes limitations and a full analysis. 2 page works cited

3176 words - 13 pages negative expressions with a smile (Ekman, p. 63-64).Starting with a literature review, our group chose to study the eyes and the expressions they can form. Along with this, we broke it down to dive further into the truth behind the eyes being ‘the window to our soul’. In order to do this we tested it on differing culture groups. We found this significant due to the way different cultures display different emotions and how many shield emotion

Gender Roles: Men and Women from the Anglo-Saxon to the Renaissance Era Part 2

2332 words - 10 pages . During that time period, men and women had to obey the Chivalric Code, which was a system of ideas and social codes governing the behavior of knights and gentlewomen. Leeming also mentions that, “Chivalry brought about an idealized attitude toward women, but it did little to improve their actual position” (Leeming 82). The Chivalric Code brought a certain level of respect to the women of that time, even though it did not exactly change the way they

Managing Diversity: Women at work

575 words - 2 pages -issues remain unresolved. In the labour-force, gender-segregation may increase if the number of female dominant jobs-such as information clerk, nurse's aide, and fast-food restaurant worker continues to grow.The evident trend is that the pay gap is narrowing and it will continue to shrink, but this may be in part to decreasing wages paid to men. The responsibility of a "second unpaid shift" has led many women to work part-time in an attempt to balance

The Appealing Personality of the "Blazer"- The Classy, Successful, Work Oriented Group of Women in Society

1274 words - 5 pages themselves. These women may have been influenced as a young age by the outgoing and promiscuous attire of the midriff, but as they are growing out of that stage they are growing out of this style. They are beginning to mature and are in turn looking for a more suitable and age appropriate style that they can incorporate into their lives. All of this making the Blazer a perfect personality choice for this group of women. The audience for this

Similar Essays

Review Of The Article: Hillman, Amy J., Shropshire, Christine, Cannella Jr., Albert A.2007.Organizational Predictors Of Women On Corporate Boards .Academy Of Management Journal,50(4):941 952

1214 words - 5 pages knowledge.BibliographyErhardt, N. L., Werbel, J. D., & Shrader, C. B. (2003). Board of director diversity and firm financial performance. Corporate Governance:An International Review , 11(2):102-111.Hillman, A. J., & Dalziel, T. (2003). Boards of directors and firm performance:Integrating agency and resource dependence perspectives. Academy of Management Review , 385.Hillman, A. J., Shropshire, C., & Cannella, A. A. (2007). Organizational

Brief Review Of The Article: Hillman, Amy J., Shropshire, Christine, Cannella Jr., Albert A.2007.Organizational Predictors Of Women On Corporate Boards .Academy Of Management...

1203 words - 5 pages ., Werbel, J. D., & Shrader, C. B. (2003). Board of director diversity and firm financial performance. Corporate Governance:An International Review , 11(2):102-111.Hillman, A. J., & Dalziel, T. (2003). Boards of directors and firm performance:Integrating agency and resource dependence perspectives. Academy of Management Review , 385.Hillman, A. J., Shropshire, C., & Cannella, A. A. (2007). Organizational predictors of women on corporate

The Meaning Of Diversity Among The Professorate—A Literature Review

671 words - 3 pages The Meaning of Diversity Among the Professorate—A Literature Review Different aspects of diversity in higher education are an ongoing topic of debate. In order for us to address the issue of diversity, we need to understand what diversity means. This paper reviews a study used at the University of Florida to assess their faculty’s meaning of diversity. It also looked at the faculty’s openness to diversity and the effect diversity has had on

Differences Among Men And Women Essay

1011 words - 4 pages and Sex Ed classes we learn a little more. We learn about what we can do with our “different” parts. For instance, how we can have sex and reproduce. We learn that babies do not come from a stork but from the women. All of this information comes to us in one form or the other and is pretty obvious to most people. It is pretty obvious because most of it is general knowledge whether required over time or though education. The next fact may not be