Analysis Of Life In The 19th Century

1629 words - 7 pages

In the 19th century, at least 80% of the population was working class, to be middle class you had to have at least one servant. In this century, the factory system replaced the system where people were working in their own homes or small workshops. This industry caused children to work a lot more than before. However, this was seasonal and therefore, they also had more time to play. Also women started to work more, for example in the factories.

The first law that actually worked to stop child labour banned children under 9 years old from working in factories. It also said that children between the age of 9 and 13 could not work for more than 12 hours a day or 48 hours a week, children from 13 to 18 were not allowed to work for more than 69 hours a week and nobody under 18 was allowed to work at night. Also, children between 9 and 13 had to be given two hours of education a day.

Until halfway through the century the law only applied to textile factories, but later this was extended to all factories. In the late 19th century, workers became organized and formed unions. Factory owners usually favoured children and women because they would follow orders and not speak up for themselves where men would. A reason that so many people started working in factories was because the population of Europe had increased with more than 100% over the last century.

Upbringing

In the 19th century, there was a law in Europe, the Compulsory Education Law. They thought that the basis of moral raising should be in logic, reason and moral intuition instead of religion. This law replaced children from the workplace into schools. Schools became tax supported, teachers more educated and children could now go to public schools. In the 19th century the attitude towards children changed even more to what we think nowadays. The role of family was considered even more important than before. The childhood was now seen as a time of fun and happiness. Girls got dolls, as a preparation to take care of children of their own later and boys got other toys and they did outdoor activities so that they developed character and would become a good healthy citizen later. However, it was still common that children worked in the beginning of the century.

Families were a lot larger than nowadays, 10 children was very normal in the working class. The life expectancy of people was also a lot lower, under 50 years. The change can also be seen in the emergence of the new genre and goal of children’s literature. Instead of wanting to be didactic and teach a moral lesson, authors now wrote more humorous books that were more in tune with the child’s imagination.

Religion

Christianity was still the most common religion in Europe in the 19th century. It was influenced by the French Revolution, that had just ended at the end of the 18th century, and by the Industrial Revolution, which was still fully going on until 1840. In the early 19th century the Catholic church could be...

Find Another Essay On Analysis of Life in the 19th Century

Nervousness in the 19th Century Essay

1545 words - 6 pages Nervousness was a condition described, according to Dr. George M. Beard, “strictly deficiency or lack of nerve-force” (American Nervousness, vi) in the 19th century. Nervousness at the time, was commonly acknowledged and accepted, so much so that it was written into literature, such as many of Jane Austen’s works. Many doctors considered nervousness to be a “woman’s disease” meaning that women were the most afflicted by this condition. Doctors

Imperialism in the 19th century Essay

1745 words - 7 pages There was a great deal of Imperialism in the 19th century, led by mostly westerners from Europe. Imperialism is the act in which one nation extends its rule over another. Imperialism had a substantial effect on the 19th century throughout the entire world by bringing upon changes to many different countries, for better and for worse, especially to Africa.Prior to the nineteenth century, westerners did interfere with many of the affairs of

Immigration in the 19th century

1472 words - 6 pages In the early 19th century, American opened the door for foreigners. Many people from different countries came to American. People from Irish, Italy, German, Poland and China came to America. They came here for many different reasons. However, the main reason they came to America was to seek for opportunities to live better lives. Immigrations did earn better life styles here than they did in their countries. However, the wealth did not come to

Transportation in the 19th Century

587 words - 2 pages During the first half of the 19th century, improvements in transportation developed rather quickly. Roads, steamboats, canals, and railroads all had a positive effect on the American economy. They also provided for a more diverse United States by allowing more products to be sold in new areas of the country and by opening new markets. Copied from ideas begun in England and France, American roads were being built everywhere. In an attempt to make

Cholera in the 19th Century

2805 words - 11 pages Asiatic cholera is a deadly disease it is believed that it's carried by a micro organism called cholera morbus. This disease attacked Cardiff during the 19th century cholera started because of a problem with the water system in many areas in Cardiff. This deadly disease killed a lot of people. The question for this coursework is to see whether or not people were right to blame the Irish for the cholera epidemic in Cardiff.Below I have drawn a

Negative Affects of Imperialism in Africa in the 19th Century

1913 words - 8 pages Throughout history, imperialism by one nation on another has had many negative influences on the nation being colonized. The legacy of European imperialism in Africa in the 19th century was negative. Imperialism negatively affected Africa politically, economically, and culturally. In terms of political changes, European imperialism negatively affected Africa. Firstly, European colonization created enormous conflict between colonists and the

Transportation In The First Half Of The 19th Century

513 words - 2 pages During the first half of the 19th century, improvements in transportation developed rather quickly. Roads, steamboats, canals, and railroads all had a positive effect on the American economy. They also provided for a more diverse United States by allowing more products to be sold in new areas of the country and by opening new markets. Copied from ideas begun in England and France, American roads were being built everywhere. In an

Describe the process of Italian unification in the 19th century

1899 words - 8 pages During the 18th century, intellectual changes began to dismantle traditional values and institutions. Liberal ideas from France and Britain spread rapidly, and from 1789 the French Revolution became the genesis of "liberal Italians". A series of political and military events resulted in a unified kingdom of Italy in 1861. The settlements reached in 1815 at the Vienna Congress had restored Austrian domination over the Italian peninsula but had

The Impact of 19th Century European Imperialism in Africa

1134 words - 5 pages supposedly superior way of life. The slave trade was one important method that the Europeans used to dominate the Africa. Even though the slave trade was beginning to decline by the early 19th century, it gave the Europeans a pass into the whole continent, enabling them to divide the land as they pleased. The division of land was not void of wars and resistance. The Europeans stole the land from the Africans, and imposed their way of life into African

Constitutional Revolutions of Iran and Turkey in the 19th Century.

1463 words - 6 pages The Young Turk and Iranian Constitutional Revolutions occurred during a period of transformation. Transformation not only from the nineteenth to the twentieth centuries, but also a transformation of society. For the Ottomans, the nineteenth century was the age of the European empires, many of whom influenced and manipulated the society. The result would be a Middle Eastern country emulating European society. This influence was not evident in

The Death of Compromise in 19th Century America

1130 words - 5 pages Beginning with its use to resolve many issues involving the framing of the Constitution, compromise was an important part of early American politics. However, as the nineteenth century progressed the ability to compromise began to decrease, culminating in the complete inability to do so by 1860. This was almost entirely due to growing sectional differences at the time as the North was rapidly becoming the antagonist of Southern society, being

Similar Essays

Women Of Australia In The 19th Century

806 words - 3 pages womens in the 19th centuryThere wase'nt much womens in Australia around the early 19th century. As we know the first people was to come in Australia was Captain Cook and then came the convicts who got sent from all the way from England. Although the ships contained male and feamle number of convicts, the number of feamle was not enough to balance the man and female population. After 1810 more convicts ship came with more mens but less amount of

The Difficult Life Of The 19th Century Scandinavian

1856 words - 7 pages In the present day, Scandinavian countries are generally viewed as prosperous, progressive, and egalitarian societies. The citizens of these nations are largely urbanized and receive significant social assistance from the welfare state. However, life in 19th century Scandinavia was markedly different. Scandinavian social life in the 1800s was defined by its provincial character, as the majority of inhabitants resided in rural agricultural

The Effect Of Steam Railroads On Life In 19th Century America

3354 words - 13 pages The Effect of Steam Railroads on Life in 19th Century America Today in the 20th century, we Americans, think very little of our ability to move almost effortlessly from one place to another in America. This was far from the case in early 19th century America. The introduction of the Steam Railroad was the single most important technological change in 19th century America and would forever drastically change the American experience economically

Jews In The 19th Century Essay

1257 words - 5 pages Jews in the 19th Century During the 19th the status and position of European Jews changed frequently as the rights they had and the way countries tried to gain inequality changed dramatically. At the start of the 19th in France and Germany there was a great deal of anti Semitism between Jews and Christians, the French Christians could