Review of Organizational Culture Theory
1.1.1 Definition Of Leader And Leadership
What is the definition of leadership? Gary Yukl (2006) defines that leadership as “the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives” (p. 8).
First and foremost, the manager should have high ethical level. The manager has to talk frequently and applied ethical values and ethical commitment in an organization. They also can predict ethical dilemma that occurs in an organization, give talks about how to apply ethical values in team works and identify the identical issue whey they do arise.
Secondly, they have to manage with high emotional intelligence. EQ is the effective way one of one person when interacting with others, to handle themself, to motivate others, to understanding what his own feeling and can challenge themself to achieve their goals in life. Without EQ, leaders will not have the skill to transform employees’ perceptions. Compare to leaders with low emotional intelligence (EQ), they have the weakness in how they handling other employees, as documented by Daniel Goleman.
Thirdly is build trust among employees in organization. Manager need to builds trust among employees, be supportive and honestly judging the production of the employees, be consistent in managing the company, so that, the good culture will sustain.
The fourth approach is developing visions for the future. If the managers and employees have a common goal, and it is communicated well, then it is possible for them to support each other. When we have a positive vision of the future, it will enable the unwanted change process to be more effective.
Fifth, lead change well. When there is an another opportunity for a company to change the culture to be better, they should. Managers plays important role in changing the old environment to the new one to arise company profit. Manager also needs to leads his employee to get into the new culture absorbed.
The sixth approach is build high performing teams. An alleged high-performing team when to give satisfaction to the customers, employees, investors and other stakeholders in the organization. This team has been emphasizing continuous improvement in the planning and management of activities and often produce better quality work. High performing team more readily develop potential, updating skills, and make cognitive and emotional strength as a driving force in ensuring the excellence of the team.
Seventh, build morale the right way. Motivation is resulting by considering people with respect and giving them clear vision and autonomy. Managers must ensure that their employees feel like the organization is more than just a work. Managers also have to give rewards to employee who gets the encouraging achievement. Besides, managers also could try the method by give the employee a vacation...