This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Review Of “Parent Child Interactions And Development Of Toddlers Born Preterm” By Magill Evans And Harrison (1999)

827 words - 4 pages

Introduction
Harrison and Magill-Evans (1999) sought to determine whether an infant’s interactions with his mother and father during the first year mattered more than the fact that a child was born preterm or full-term when it came to early childhood development. Researchers have reported diminished interactive behavior for preterm infants (Banard, Bee, & Hammond, 1984) and less responsive interactions in parent-preterm infant dyads than in parent full-term infant dyads (Harrison & Magill-Evans, 1996). As Harrison and Magill-Evans (1999) suggest, many factors influence the parent’s interactive skills including the parent’s stresses and resources. Therefore, Harrison and Magill-Evans ...view middle of the document...

At three and twelve months after the infants discharge from the hospital, home visits were made to observe each parent in interaction with his or her child measured using the Nursing Child Assessment Teaching Scale (NCATS) (Sumner & Spietz, 1994). The scale consists of 73 behaviors used in analysis and scored as observed or not observed. Used in the analysis were the Parent score, which looks at the parent’s contribution to the interaction, and the Child score, which looks at the child’s contribution to the interaction, with higher scores suggesting more optimal interactions. At 18 months adjusted age, the child was assessed using the Mental scale of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (Bayley, 1969), since the scores are significantly related to preschool outcomes for children at risk when taken after twelve months of age. The dependent variable of this study was the Bayley Mental score.
Results and Conclusions
Harrison and Magill-Evans (1999) used two linear regression analyses’ to reduce the number of variables; separate forward stepwise linear regressions were done to identify significant predictors within each category for each developmental outcome. In the second stage, the significant predictors from within each category were entered into one regression to identify the significant predictors across categories for each of the developmental scores. Despite using Bayley scores based on age adjusted for prematurity, children born preterm scored significantly lower than full term children (Harrison & Magill-Evans, 1999). There is a correlation, between the 17% variance in the Bayley Mental scores of the infants and socioecomic status, mother’s NCATS Parent score at...

Find Another Essay On Review of “Parent-Child Interactions and Development of Toddlers Born Preterm” by Magill-Evans and Harrison (1999)

The Development of the Parent/Child Love Relationship

1490 words - 6 pages linked to the development of an anxious personality. Other studies have focused on heart and respiration rates or the reactions of the hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal interactions. These studies have noted that there is a difference between children who have formed an attachment with a parent and those who have not when they are exposed to an unfamiliar situation. The child under consideration in this study would be expected to seek out the

Infants and Toddlers Development Essay

1097 words - 5 pages Infants and toddlers have the fastest developmental rate when compared to the other categories of developmental stages, such as, preschooler, school age, teen, and so on. There are significant improvements in their physical, psychosocial and cognitive development within their first few years. First, their motor skills dramatically improve through the first few years. Second, their developmental milestone throughout the sensorimotor phase. Third

FETAL BRAIN DEVELOPMENT AND THE PRETERM INFANT

2033 words - 9 pages these preterm infants, such as environmental, cultural, social and economic influences which could either hinder or improve the child’s brain functioning at later stages in life. PRETERM INFANT STEROID TREATMENTS AND BRAIN DEVELOPMENT Many preterm infants are born with physical concerns that may require medical intervention. Of particular concern is lung development in preterm infants that are born prior to gestational week 34. Several clinical

"Born For Liberty" A History of Women in America by Sara M. Evans

622 words - 2 pages The Introduction part of the book Born for Liberty by Sara M. Evans is the written path of being informed of the History of Women in America. As it is mentioned in the first few pages of this book, there is a lack of information that we need to fill in ourselves. We have all heard from many historians specially, that our World cannot take the right direction if it finds its past obscured and hard to be seen! I believe a lot of things are

Parent and Child Relationships of Oedipus Rex and Live Alone

1580 words - 7 pages In society, the sense of family is one of the core values in life. One of the most common relationships in a family is that of the parent and child. Throughout history, playwrights have composed pieces containing the impressionable relationship of a parent and a child. Sophocles and Deborah Salem Smith effectively use the strained relationships of Oedipus and Jocasta, and Helen Warren and Clementine to develop their plays Oedipus Rex and Love

Toddlers and Tiaras: Child Beaty Pageants

2203 words - 9 pages United States, due to the face that contestants are not being paid hourly, neither the parents, nor facilitators, are violating any child labor laws (Healy, 2013). Beauty pageants exploit not only the contestants but their families as well. An estimated 250,000 children participate in beauty pageants every year in the United States and the number is only rising because of shows like TLC’s Toddlers and Tiaras and Here Comes Honey Boo Boo, which

A Critical Reflection on Child Maltreatment and the Use of Child-Parent Psychotherapy

2472 words - 10 pages violence: Predictors and mediators of child behaviour problems. Development and Psychopathology, 17, 385-396, Mascolo, M. (2009). Book review: An integrative approach to child-parent psychotherapy. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 563-566. O’Neill, L., Guenette, F., & Kitchenham. (2010). ‘Am I safe here and do you like me’: Understanding complex trauma and attachment disruption in the classroom. British Journal of Special Education, 37

Compare and contrast the ways in which 'Top Girls' by Caryl Churchill and 'Death of a Salesman' by Arthur Miller present parent-child relationship

1724 words - 7 pages Parent-child relationships are used to create dramatic effect in both 'Top Girls' and 'Death of a Salesman' as the main parent-child relationships presented in both plays are based on lies which creates a sense of conflict. However because 'Top Girls' is mainly focused on the uncertainty of Angie not knowing who her mother it is arguable that 'Top Girls' is more dramatic in its portrayal. Throughout both 'Top Girls' and 'Death of a Salesman

Child Development and the Process of Learning

1355 words - 5 pages training allows parents and teachers to learn and read verbal language and augmentative and alternative communication such as sign language or pictures that children trained to learn to replace their challenging behaviour (Chiang, 2008). In addition it will strengthen the parent-child relationship and interactions to decrease the amount of stress (Neece & Baker, 2008) as Chiang (2008) mentions “better expressive language skills are associated with

Sociology of Parent Child Relations

410 words - 2 pages story to be shared. He anticipated each person would be a 6 min convo but it never lasted only 6 mins. PPl tried to comfort him and make him feel better about his dad but he didn't want friends he wanted to find the lock - he was getting further from his dadYou are what they call an "absent parent"Theres just the two of us. Dads not hereOr in this case one and a quarterYou don't know anything u buried an empty boxWhy did you lie on that day

Example of Cognitive Dissonance and Social Interactions

756 words - 4 pages ) The type of social interaction that was displayed at the party during the fight is known as aggressive social interactions and hostile interactions. (Carter, 2013). Both types of aggression inflict harm to someone else. (Carter, 2013). This type of social interaction affects others by people either stepping in and stopping the fight before it gets completely out of control and people get seriously hurt. It also makes people uncomfortable

Similar Essays

Interactions Between Parent And Child In Private And Public Sectors

1205 words - 5 pages Journal, 26(4), 327-353. Lukie, I., Skwarchuk, S. L., LeFevre, J., & Sowinski, C. (2013). The role of child interests and collaborative parent-child interactions in fostering numeracy and literacy development in canadian homes. Early Childhood Education Journal. Mitchell, G. G., Obradovich, S., Herring, F., Tromborg, C., & Burns, A. L. (1992). Reproducing Gender in Public Places: Adults' Attention to Toddlers in Three Public Locales. Sex

Interactions Between Family Systems And Child Development

857 words - 3 pages Healthy functioning in the family is a goal that many families strive for, but not all are able to achieve with ease. The family functioning, all of the interactions and emotional current in the home have a significant impact on the individuals involved. Childhood development is one area that is particularly affected. Whether good or bad, the family system and environment influences the cognitive, emotional, and physical development of the

Child Development: Toddlers Observation Essay

967 words - 4 pages involvement this program offers includes training, car seat safety, health dept. workshops, and home visit to help parents meet goals for their children. Parent volunteers are always welcomed. Room arrangement and choice of equipment are geared toward toddlers and their development needs. The room was open and allowed viewing of the children at all times. As the toddlers left their big square table they headed to the kitchen area also known as the

The Influence Of Interactions On Child Development

1564 words - 7 pages , the history and the culture of the society in which a child grows up and the events making up a child’s personal history determine much more than what that child knows or likes. It also determines which mental tools the child will learn and how these tools will shape the child’s mind. Like Piaget, Vygotsky claimed that infants are born with basic abilities for intellectual development. These are called Elementary Mental Functions and include