Review of Qualitative Literature
Qualitative methods use a different approach to scholarly research than quantitative methods. According to Creswell (2014), although similar in processes, qualitative methods rely on text and image data, have unique steps in data analysis, and draw on diverse designs in the qualitative study. There is now an increased publication of articles using qualitative methods as it became more acceptable, especially in the production of dissertations, as opposed to quantitative methods.
Because qualitative methods provide valuable insights into the local perspectives of study populations, they have become a valuable method of research. Indeed, qualitative research methods are gaining in popularity outside the traditional academic social sciences, particularly concerning studies in public health and international development research (Mack, Woodsong, MacQueen, Guest & Namey, 2005). Whereas quantitative research methods once dominated these fields, researchers have now begun drawing from a more diverse repertoire of methodologies as they tackle international public health, business, and other problems related to humankind (Mack, Woodsong, MacQueen, Guest & Namey, 2005).
One of the suggested ways to develop fluency with any research method is to review the published literature, especially peer-reviewed articles. This paper will review several peer reviewed qualitative studies, and will concentrate on the topics, the problems encountered in the study, the purpose of the study, its various research designs and the conclusions arrived at as a result of the studies. One of the best ways to summarize the key points of peer-reviewed journals is to use the method of an annotated bibliography. Knott (2012) defines an annotated bibliography as writing that gives an account of the research on a given topic. It provides a concise summary of each source and some assessment of its value or relevance (Knott, 2012).
Annotated Bibliography - Sample Size
Marshall, b., Cardon, P., Poddar, A., & Fontenot, R. (2013). Does sample size matter in qualitative research?: A review of qualitative interviews in is research. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 54(1), 11-22.
The topic was: Does sample size matter in qualitative research?: A review of qualitative interviews in is research. This study examines 83 information systems (IS) qualitative studies in leading journals.
Obtaining an adequate sample size is a fundamental task in creating credible research. This ensures that enough data is available to provide for credible analysis and reporting. Yet, there are few concrete guidelines for estimating sample sizes for qualitative studies. An abundance of qualitative research data exists in the IS field, including a variety of review and recommendations tailored specifically to the use of qualitative methodology in the IS field. This data pays very little attention to estimating sample size for qualitative...