Reviews On Rembrandt And Bernini.

2836 words - 11 pages

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was born July 15, 1606 in Leiden, the Netherlands. His father worked at a mill, as did many Dutchmen, but wanted his son to work in an academic profession. However, Rembrandt left his studies at the University of Leiden in order to study painting.His work had become well known by 1631 and so he left his successful Leiden studio for Amsterdam. After this he became Holland's premier painter. As a well-known painter, many of his commissions involved portraits. He was an upper class citizen, unlike many artists, and married Saskia van Uylenburgh, who would become one of the main subjects of his works. He known for his landscape paintings as well, and he was one of the more prominent etchers of the time. In fact, one source says that he ranks "among the foremost of all time" for his etchings. When he had no other subjects to paint, he created self-portraits, the number of which is estimated at between 50 and 60.In his early days in Leiden many of his works showed the lines, light and shade, and color of everyday people. By 1634 his works were starting to show strong lighting effects. But in 1636, his works displayed quieter, more reflective scenes, with warmer colors. After his wife's death in 1642 and the deaths of three children in infancy, he painted his most famous work, The Night Watch. In it, a group of city guardsmen await the command to fall in line. Unlike most paintings, he shows each guardsmen the care and detail that he would put into a single portrait, but it seems that the figures of the men are not as interesting as the whole painting, which shows brilliant color, much movement, and bright light.Rembrandt, as an upper class citizen, enjoyed a comfortable lifestyle. He bought many paintings from other artists. However, by the 1650s he was living beyond his means and thus his house and goods had to be auctioned off in order to pay his debts. He had fewer commissions by that time, but his financial status was far from intolerable. He died October 4, 1669, in Amsterdam.While no one is quite sure how many works he made, the current estimate is 2,300. This breaks down into 600 paintings, 300 etchings, and 1,400 drawings. As Dutch painter Jozef Israels said, Rembrandt was truly "the true type of artist, free, untrammeled, by traditions."In Leyden, Holland, the year of 1606, the renowned artist known as Rembrandt van Rign was born. At age seven he began attending grammar school where he studied the classics, Latin, possibly Hebrew, and the Bible. Seven years later Rembrandt's father made plans for sending him to a university. Rembrandt, whose only desire was to paint, refused. From the years 1620 to 1623, Rembrandt studied in Amsterdam under Pieter Lastman. It his Lastman who probably first exposed Rembrandt to Renaissance painting and Christianity as a major theme. This style of painting Christian topics though, was more one of expressing fantastic stories, than teaching the Bible. By age nineteen, Rembrandt...

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