The time leading up to the American Revolution was filled with turbulence and turmoil. America was a divided country. There were three main groups of people: those who wanted to separate from England, those who wanted to remain loyal to England, and those that did not care either way. All three groups were equal in number of supporters; however those who favor succession were wealthy and could afford to swindle others to their side. Debates took place up and down the eastern sea board between those who favored separation, Patriots, and those who wished to remain loyal, Loyalists. In order to swing loyalists to their side of the argument, patriots in New England started an anti-British group known as the Sons of Liberty. Spurred by political unrest in the colonies, the Sons of Liberty led America to a direct course for separation from the British.
Contrary to popular belief, the Sons of Liberty were not politicians, but rather were merchants and shop keepers. Most were white, wealthy men who did not appreciate taxing on their money from a government an ocean away. In 1765, the British parliament instituted the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act required a tax on all printed papers. This included legal documents, licenses, and ships papers.
This affected the Sons of Liberty because they were wealthy merchants who used printed things. The common man who did not use printed papers was not heavily affected by the Stamp Act and did not mind the new tax. Most of the taxes went towards the defending of the Americans on the western front and the common man did not mind paying the small tax. To inspire these common men against the British, the Sons of Liberty came up with phrases such as “no taxation without representation,” and calling themselves “patriots” allowed the Sons of Liberty to protest England without the use of violence. Although most of their protests were peaceful, the Sons of Liberty were not afraid to use force. As the gap between America and England grew, the violence of the Sons of Liberty increased.
The Sons of Liberty were a radical group. They were liberal, and wanted separation from England in order to protect their assets. Along with their plot of separation from England came phrases such as “no taxation without representation.” The Sons of Liberty were mostly previous British citizens and understood British law that said that a citizen may not be taxed without representation in Parliament. The Sons of Liberty used the law against the British and turned the tide of the Americans against the Stamp Act. The common man did not want separation from the British because they were not being affected monetarily and wanted the protection that the British offered. However, through peaceful protest and through some shows of force, the Sons of Liberty convinced America that separation was necessary. “In the name of "Liberty" they were responsible for many acts of violence against supporters of the Crown. Tar and Feathering were among their favorite...