Revolution; noun, a forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system. Revolutions are a part of our history, they shaped the world we live in, some revolutions did not work, but the ones that succeeded, changed those nations for the best. For example, Arab Springs, the people were tired of how President Mubarak was running their country, so they revolted in protest. There was also the French Revolution, where the third estate started a revolution because they were unhappy with the old régime and how they were being treated. In Animal Farm by George Orwell, the animals were becoming skeptical of the Pigs and their power. All of these events have something in common, the people were suspicious of their corrupt leaders and the system, causing them to revolt. While writing Animal Farm, Orwell’s idea that revolutions don’t work was false, the events of the French Revolution and the current events of Arab Spring support this.
The French Revolution changed France forever, France became a republic, they abolished the estate system, the burdens associated with it and the old régime in general. However, none of this could of been possible if the working class (or third estate) had not revolted. The French Revolution occurred based on several reasons. Firstly, “France struggled for hegemony and, Empire outstripped the fiscal resources of the state” (Schwartz). France was also under the rule of Louis XVI, who was an ineffective leader. Louis XVI had all the power, he controlled everything. He could make the laws and the jobs, he could also decide who paid taxes and who didn’t. “In August 1788, the parliaments insisted that the measures King Louis XVI's ministry sought to impose amounted to ‘royal despotism.’”(McPhee). Because of his abuse of power Louis XVI was the one who caused France to go into debt and fight for dominance over other countries, he lead his own people into revolting.
Not only was France being lead by a defective leader, and in debt, but the people of the third estate had also had enough with how they were being treated. The third estate was not only the largest of the three estates (making up 98.5% of the population) but the people of the third estate were the least well off too. These citizens had many burdens placed upon them. Some of these burdens included supporting all of France’s infrastructure. They did all of the work, they farmed, they mined, and they constructed the railroads and buildings. There was also a “ popular refusal to pay taxes” (McPhee). Not paying taxes may not seem like a good idea, but they literally had to pay taxes on everything. They paid Tithe (Church tax), Corvée (road tax), Taille (land tax) and more. Because of these substantial amount of tariffs, the citizens of the third estate were extremely poor. The result of these burdens was a large group of unhappy, needy people who were tired of how their country was being run.
A revolution requires two main...