The Iranian Revolution of 1979 is one of the most significant events of the twentieth century. It initiated an era of Islamic revivalism and the fight against "modernization" in many nations where Islam is the chief religion. Favoritism by the government, Islamic fundamentalism, the use of political tyranny by the administration of Mohammed Reza Shah, otherwise known as the monarchist regime, particularly the violence committed by the secret police, rising income inequality, extensive venality of the rich minority, and the effect of Western imperialism were all causes of the revolution.
The revolution started with a democracy movement and ended with a sudden creation of an Islamic state. ...view middle of the document...
Mr. Bakhtiar tried to stop the growing tide of antagonism. He repudiated the allowance of Ayatollah Khomeini to form a new government. On February 1, 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini made a dramatic homecoming from exile. As the revolutionaries’ leader returned, political and social volatility increased. Mêlées raged in towns and provinces between pro-Khomeini protesters and police and security officers, and supporters of the Shah’s regime.
On February 11, tanks anxiously drove through the streets of Tehran because of rumors of an approaching military coup d'état. However as the day went on it became obvious that the revolutionaries were not planning to seize military power that day. Revolutionaries seized Tehran's main radio station and declared: "This is the voice of the revolution of the Iranian people!" Their words rang around the country.
In 1979, after the U.S. granted entry to The Shah into their country under humanitarian grounds, student protesters overran the U.S. embassy, and held over 60 American diplomats and embassy workers as hostages for 444 days. The current president at the time, Carter, frantically worked to get the hostages free. Before he could, the U.S. presidential elections were held, and his opponent, Reagan, won in a landslide. The hostages were released minutes after Reagan’s inauguration.
A new era began in Iran as Prime Minister Bakhtiar resigned. Two months later Ayatollah Khomeini won a landslide victory in a national election. He created an Islamic state, and was appointed Iran's political and religious leader for life. The ayatollah would reign throughout the start of the Iran-Iraq war. His leadership ended after nine years, in 1989, when he died. The country has been in various turmoil since then.
The Iranian Revolution of 1979 is considered one of the major historical events of the twentieth century. It started an age of Islamic revivalism in many countries in and around the Middle East. While there were many causes of the revolution, the main cause was the suppressive rule of The Shah. The Shah’s administration showed immense favoritism and gave all power to a small group of The Shah’s close friends, relations, and allies. During his reign, the gap between...