"Revolutionaries Were Successful In Putting Their Ideas Into Practice." Do You Agree With This Statement? Argue Your Case.

1416 words - 6 pages

Revolutionaries in both France and Russia were not entirely successful in putting their ideas into practice during the revolutions due to diplomatic and populist constraints. No revolutionary movement was able to enforce their entire ideology on the populace so therefore had to make compromises on many issues. The revolutions contradicted each other in terms of the platform the power was fought over on. The French Revolution lasting from 1789 to 1799 was largely political for this reason it was difficult to establish complete authority when other parties were able to have a say, especially when the only party which assisted the revolution, sans-culotte, chose to influence the other parties rather than taking an active part in government. The Russian Revolution, starting in February 1917 and finishing when the Communist (formally Bolshevik) Party gained totalitarian control by 1921, required the people to be on the victorious party's side. Because of this Bolshevik leader Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin) had to make some short term sacrifices to his autocratic vision of Russia to limit civil unrest. Lenin also used abusive methods leading to drastic malnutrition and sometimes even cannibalism within the population to keep people from being able to rebel which he claimed to be part of his tactical plan of 'War Communism'.The most influential powers through both revolutions included the Russian Bolshevik Party and the French sans-culottes and Plain. The Bolsheviks were to rise to power, whereas the sans-culottes and Plain were to have great influence over anyone who controlled it. Both used physical force where necessary to establish an identity of authority. The Bolshevik Party was founded and led by Lenin (1870-1924) and adhered entirely to his doctrine; that of German philosopher Karl Marx's theory of Communism as stated in his 'Communist Manifesto'. France, on the other hand, didn't have a strict doctrine other than the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which the Jacobin Club believed would be the fundamental part of post-revolutionary society, which held ideals on what society should be like. The Bolshevik Party had unity for the most part, however as populist opinion and logical proceedings steered further away from the ideals of Communism, the party began to split. Many of the popular French parties held similar ideologies so the reverse of what was happened in Russia happened in France. There was no room for two parties who both held up the same ideology, which was a factor leading to the expulsion of the Girondins from the National Assembly after being superseded by the highly diplomatic Montagnards.In the French Revolution, many individuals helped shaped parties; it was rarely the other way around. Lenin founded the Bolshevik Party in Russia however other parties lacked as motivated and passionate leaders. Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre was arguably the closest to a 'Lenin' figure during the...

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