Colombia has struggled throughout the years battling various terrorist groups. The FARC is the most dangerous terrorist organization that the country has continually fought for over four decades. Drug trafficking, bombings, and political leader targeted attacks are the tactics used by this terrorist organization in hopes to gain political power. Their agenda is geared to overtake the Colombian government to make the country into a socialist society. Various efforts and attempts in conjunction with the US government have led to a weakened state of the FARC. However, the journey to defeat this terrorist group continues.
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)
Colombia is a country located in South America. The country is home to illegal drug production of cocaine, which supplies most of the cocaine demand in the United States (U.S.) and Europe. Although cocaine production has decreased throughout the years by efforts between the US and Colombia, it is still a rampant problem in various countries. The never-ending drug productions, along with governmental problems, have played a massive role in terrorist activity in Colombia.
The Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC), National Liberation Army of Colombia (ELN), and United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), are three known dangerous terrorist groups in Colombia (White, 2014). The FARC has caused further terrorism than the ELN and AUC combined. Some of the differences between the groups explain the dominant posture that the FARC holds.
The FARC is able to fund more terrorist activities than the ELN because the ELN doesn’t fund their terrorist activities through illicit drug production or trafficking. Funding through narcotics would go against the legal abiding ideologies of the ELN. ELN has historically been smaller and more discreet throughout the years. The AUC originated to combat the FARC and ELN; they eventually developed their own agenda, which consists of terrorist acts. The AUC was founded on the ideologies that that the Colombian government wasn’t making enough changes or efforts to get rid of either FARC or ELN (Gallego, 2010). The AUC is composed of disguised figures that have political power, such as government officials; they make moves behind the scene. This could be the reason why the FARC is more powerful, the FARC doesn’t have to disguise their wrongdoings like the AUC disguised government officials. The FARC is the most relevant terrorist group in Colombia. In order to better understand the FARC this case study will explore the following topics: history and ideology, logistics and effect of acts of terrorism, and the reaction of the target.
History and Ideology
La Violencia (The Violence), was a civil war in Colombia that lasted a decade, from 1948-1958. The Communist Party of Colombia (PCC) was a group that fought for the rights of poor people in Colombia. The PCC began in response to La Violencia. When La Violencia ended, FARC...