Revolutionary War Advantages: Did America Win The War Or England Lose The War

1120 words - 4 pages

It is common knowledge that The United States of America began after winning its independence from Great Britain in the Revolutionary War. The odds were stacked high against the colonists, who somehow managed to pull off a stunning upset of the British. Although, how the war was actually won is up for speculation. Whether or not the Americans triumphed by winning the war themselves, or won by Britain fumbling away there chance to defeat the revolutionists is in question. A definite amount of luck played a part for the Americans, along with the fact that England lies across the Atlantic Ocean from the coast of North America. Also, certain actions and reactions by generals, militants, and political figures played a role in the outcome of the war. I think that the war was won by the Americans rather than lost by the British because of the efficiency used with their resources, the strategies they used, and for all of the pieces coming together at the right time for the Americans.The Americans were very smart in the usage of the resources they possessed, but especially with personnel. The colonists used a small amount of help from Tuscarora and Oneida Indians, and assistance from frontiersman like George Rogers Clark. This help for the Americans on the frontier helped keep hostile Indians at bay and prevented any stoppage of westward expansion. Second, the Americans used the help of slaves for fighting against the English. It is estimated that the number of slaves who served in the revolution was upwards of 5,000 men. Thirdly, the Patriots received an immense amount of help from France, and also aid from Spain and Holland. For about two and a half years, almost all of the gunpowder and firearm supplies were provided by the French. France also provided thousands of troops, and important leaders like Marquis de Lafayette and Louis DePortail. The navy provided by the French and Spanish was also key, because the Americans had a serious deficiency in their number of ships of to Great Britain's. Along with American privateers, the Spanish and French navies were a serious boost on the sea; the Americans' two new allies combined outnumbered the British naval fleets.The American strategy was especially important for winning the war, because the British were often forced to play to America's tune of warfare. For instance, the Americans were able to hit the British weakness of gentlemanly fighting by using guerilla warfare tactics. Instead of standing and fighting like a professional army, the Americans shot from the woods much like the Indians did during conflicts like the French-Indian War or like today's American armies who sometimes use stealth and strategy to surprise their enemies. A real example would be at the Battle of Bunker Hill, where the Americans took advantage of the British's style of fighting. The American shot down the hill at the tightly packed and lined-up British, and created huge numbers of casualties. Despite the forfeiting of the hill by...

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