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Revolutions In The Middle East Essay

2338 words - 9 pages

“We want to be, I think, an example for the rest of the Arab world, because there are a lot of people who say that the only democracy you can have in the Middle East is the Muslim Brotherhood.” said King Abdullah II of Jordan when asked about his country and the possibility of democracy in the Middle East. There have been many questions asked about whether or not Arab countries had the capability to achieve democracy (Baroud). Out of all of the countries of the Middle East, Israel is the only democracy and is also the only non-Arab country (Baroud). Three examples of revolutions against the government in the Middle East are Egypt, Libya, and Syria. There are major differences between the tree such as death toll and length of the conflict. There were also some similar patterns such as reasons for starting, use of social media, and the end results. The World involvement in the conflict varies from one revolution to the next, but all have the world’s watchful eye on them. John Locke was a seventeenth century French philosopher who once said, “All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions.” His ideas were that men have natural rights: life, liberty, and property; and when those rights are being taken away, it is justifiably correct to rebel against your government. This philosophy has fueled many revolts and civil wars around the world. A similarity between most of these conflicts is the battle over basic needs of the people, following Locke’s philosophy.
There were revolts on the 40th anniversary of 1973 Arab-Israeli War in the major squares of Egypt ("Egypt News Update"). High security had already been put in place in preparation in large cities as the revolts were predicted ("Egypt News Update"). The people revolting were mostly from Muslim Brotherhood and in Morsi supporter groups ("Egypt News Update"). Violence was very prevalent throughout all of the revolts ("Egypt News Update"). Previously, sit-ins were a popular non-violent form of protest but later revolts were very violent ("Egypt News Update"). Eventually, major squares were blocked off to all Egyptian citizens ("Egypt News Update"). Many government people were being attacked in their car while stopped, including a former President ("Egypt News Update"). Their windows were smashed and they were dragged out of the car before being physically assaulted ("Egypt News Update"). Hundreds were killed through this method of attack ("Egypt News Update"). Unlike many revolts that can be predicted as tension grows, many believe that this revolt was spontaneous (Baroud). The revolt started over basic freedoms: the lack of rights, the desire for a democratic government and social justice, the need of food, and the poor economy (Baroud). Most rebels didn’t use social media in the beginning of this revolt. However, Egypt’s government eventually made most social media sites blocked when people started to plan revolts through...

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