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Rhetoric: The Declaration’s Of Marxism Essay

1956 words - 8 pages

The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson between June 11th and 28th of 1776. This document was created to demonstrate a new concept of government, resonating the thirteen colonies’ reasons for separating from England and declaring war. Moreover, to dissolve the political relationship that America had with England’s laws. This document’s rhetoric was directed at King George the third. Jefferson constructs a philosophical statement that carries the peoples voice and appeals to his readers through fundamental beliefs. Lewis Masquerier adopted this philosophical statement in his document, Declaration of Independence of the Producing from the Non-Producing Class in 1844. The underling theme is almost the same, equality for men and the right to liberate one-self from oppression. However, Masquerier’s declaration has many similarities but at the same time many differences, such as the topic of social reform instead of political. Masquerier notices the importance of the original document 68 years later creating a historical difference in tone, style, and rhetoric. Non-the less, both documents utilize langue to influence the audience and call for a social reform established by concepts of Marxism using rhetoric.
Jefferson and Masquerier’s declaration both start with a philosophical statement; this statement is the first sentence within both rhetoric documents. Each philosophical statement delivers the point and the calls for a new social reform by declaring what to do when oppressed. Jefferson’s document starts, “When in the course of human events” (3), laying down the foundation of humanity as the topic and laying down the groundwork for his argument. In addition, by stating, “human events” the reader is persuaded that it is a fundamental belief by appealing to the logos of their own reasoning. Masquerier, notices the importance of this statement and does the same thing, addressing the audience and drawing attention to his viewpoint. However, after the first seven words both narrators construct their ethos and identifying the reasons for their declaration. Masquerier, lays down his criticism while at the same time utilizing pathos with belittling language, “The producers of property have been reduced to the lowest state of degradation and misery by the almost universal usurpation of all property and power by a non-producing, tyrannical, and aristocratic class…” (66). This rhetoric is addressing the people of power through enumeration with embedded pathos through words such as non-producing, tyrannical, and aristocratic. This rhetoric strategy lists the oppressing logic that the people face. The readers are provoked, giving Masquerier the advantage to persuade his audience further. “A decent respect for the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them” (66), is a key statement that Jefferson utilizes to spark a revolt and Masquerier does the same thing to empower the audience.
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