“Hundreds of school districts around the country have pushed back school start times” States the writer for the Chicago Tribune, Kay Manning. In her essay, “Schools Awaken to Teens’ Sleep Needs,” implies students are impaired by their lack of sleep. Manning’s purpose is to convey the idea that it is a necessity for schools to look into starting school later due to the effects of sleep deficiency on children and their school work. She adopts an urgent tone in order to grab the support of her adult readers. Manning made this essay very effective through pathos, ethos, diction and syntax.
Manning begins right away with pathos that goes straight to the heart of the reader. She quotes Terra Snider, a concerned mother, who said “My kids suffered hugely. My oldest daughter was driven and stayed up past midnight and had to get up at six A.M. She was psychologically miserable and suffered physical issues.” With this example manning is displaying to other parents that these dreadful circumstance can happen to their precious little babies. The fear of their children suffering from the same fate is enough for manning to pull parents over to her side. The fear she is able to flood these parents with, indicates she applies pathos perfectly here.
Throughout her essay Manning provides excellent examples of ethos to help convince her readers school needs to start later. She utilizes sources such as Stanford University and Kathryn Reid, a neurology professor at Northwestern University, to make her point more respectable. She quotes Reid who said, “Sleep changes across our life span. Teens require more than adults, and teens go to bed later and wake up later because their circadian clock runs a little longer than the normal 24-hour period.” Adding this to the essay manning not only proves her point of teens needing more sleep, but also uses a college professor who devotes her time in researching this topic as creditability. Manning understood the necessity of providing authentic sources and excelled in accomplishing it.