Jonathan Kozol revealed the early period’s situation of education in American schools in his article Savage Inequalities. It seems like during that period, the inequality existed everywhere and no one had the ability to change it; however, Kozol tried his best to turn around this situation and keep track of all he saw. In the article, he used rhetorical strategies effectively to describe what he saw in that situation, such as pathos, logos and ethos.
Kozol illustrated many examples effectively by showing the poor education and people’s unequal minds. He tried to persuade the audience to believe that the inequalities and education are savage. We can find the use of diction is effective here with an example “Robert Frost and Langston Hughes were ‘too advanced’ for children of this age” (55). He emphasized “too advanced” to express a feeling of absurdity. The poetry is the knowledge the students have to know and study; however, he regarded it as the ordinary knowledge and taught them with the Robert Frost and Langston Hughes’s poetry. Unfortunately, he was fired because of the “too advanced” knowledge. Here, he used the strategy revealed the poor education level vividly and for the school officials regarding that simple knowledge as not suitable for young students. It seems very ridiculous and frustrated for they could not accept the knowledge and fired the teacher. He used it here in order to let the audience believe that how insufficient knowledge the students were studying and it worked very effectively here.
The second strategy he used is the diction as well. He illustrated, “In Boston, the press referred to areas like these as ‘death zones’—a specific reference to the rate of infant death in ghetto neighborhoods—but the feeling of the ‘death zones’ often seemed to permeate the schools themselves”(58). The strategy used here is effective for the author used the words “infant death in ghetto neighborhoods” to express the poor environment leaded the death of the infant. The “death zones” refers the death of people, but here it specially refers as the infants. It would be an astonishment of the audience. The infants were innocent but they had to face the death when they were born. It was used effectively for the expression was so emotional and would let the audience feel sad with their destinies in the ghetto area. Just by saying in this way can let them feel how unfortunate the children were.
Kozol also showed pathos here by recording other’s words and it was a success. He wrote, “‘the ultimate terror for white people,’ Ahmed says, ‘is to leave the highway by mistake and find them in East St. Louis. People speak of getting lost in East St. Louis as a nightmare. The nightmare to me is that they never leave that highway so they never know what life is like for all the children here.” (68). It was the true feeling with the people who stayed in East St. Louis. It presented apparently that the white detested and feared with the black area or...