Johnathan Swift wrote Modest Proposal with the idea to better humanity.. When you first read it you miss what the true message is. You think “Man this guy is a monster!” or “He’s sick!”, but once you reach the end the true meaning of the proposal hits you. When Jonathan Swift wrote a Modest Proposal he tried to get his audience to see the problem by taking it and providing an unethical and inhumane solution then using rhetorical devices to bring out people’s emotions.
Of the many devices he used the one that brought out my emotions and that stuck out the most was his constant metaphor of comparing or “labeling” children as stock or the bodies as carcasses. He does this on multiple occasions throughout this proposal. On one occasion he said:
For instance, the addition of some thousand carcasses in our exportation of barreled beef, the propagation of swine’s flesh, and improvement in the art of making good bacon, so much wanted among us by the great destruction of pigs, too frequent at our tables; which are no way comparable in taste or magnificence to a well-grown, fat, yearling child, which roasted whole will make a considerable figure at a lord mayor’s feast or any other public entertainment. (Swift 6)
Also at “…mare in foal, their cows in calf, their sows when they are ready to farrow; nor offer to beat or kick them (as is too frequent a practice) for fear of a miscarriage.” (Swift 6)
In the first quote he compares the “carcass” to the well-known image of a roasted pig with an apple in its mouth at rich men’s parties. Then in the other quote he compares the mothers to animals pregnant with offspring you can up-and-sell. He also states to use 15,000 women and 5,000 men for breeders (Swift 3), as a rancher would his heifers and his bulls.
In this satire he uses a bunch of pathos. He starts off painting a scene of the “melancholy” streets in Ireland being crowded with “beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags and importuning every passenger for an alms “(Swift 1). By doing this he captures the reader’s attention and emotionally makes them realize that there is a problem in Ireland and that it needed fixed. He then goes on to say...