The topic of burnout among critical care nurses is a topic of great importance in today’s health care. This essay examines the article written by Arnold M. Bakker, Pascale M. Le Blanc and Wilmar B. Schaufeli, “Burnout Contagion Among Intensive Care Nurses,” published in The Journal of Advanced Nursing. This article reports on burnout in critical care nurses. The authors are presenting their data which has an impact on society in general and directly affects the workforce providing health care. The authors present evidence in their paper which contradicts previous studies of the subject. The purpose of this rhetorical essay is to evaluate whether the reader is convinced by the authors’ argument to accept the claim that burnout among critical care nurses is due to contagion, rather than previously given reasons. The authors’ formal writing style and presentation of study results helps to increase the readers understanding of the claim. The authors make a convincing argument that contagion warrants attention in the healthcare field to address registered nurse (RN) retention.
Bakker, Le Blanc and Schaufeli begin by explicitly defining burnout and the characteristics of burnout (277). The claim the authors make is that burnout among critical care nurses is due to contagion, i.e., communicated from one nurse to another, rather than reasons presented in previous studies of the subject. The authors present the previously stated reasons for critical care nurse burnout: excessive workload, high patient care demands, time constraints and intensive use of sophisticated technology. The authors’ warrant is explicitly stated by their presentation of statistical evidence obtained from a large study of nurse interviews. Bakker, Le Blanc, and Schaufeli present the data of their study in Table 4 (283). The authors have chosen this topic because it is a topic of great concern in the health care industry. By making their claim and presenting their evidence they are able to present the issue from a different perspective.
The factual presentation style makes this a credible article on the topic rather than just an opinion of the topic. The method the authors choose to present their claim makes a strong argument in support of claim. Quotations are not used as they could indicate to the reader the argument was based on opinion rather than fact. The issue of nurse turnover in critical care is a topic of great importance to me in my career. I chose this article to analyze the topic from a scientific standpoint. I am analyzing these authors’ position on the subject to determine the impact it could have on improving burnout in our hospital’s critical care unit. Studying and breaking down the article also improves my understanding and will help me present the topic to our facility.
The intended audience for this writing is critical care RNs, their supervisors, physicians who provide care in critical care units, hospital administrators and patients...