This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories

2481 words - 10 pages

Introduction
Varying theories such as rational choice theory, trait theory, and social structure theory are commonly used to explain why crime happens. Application of these three theories in discussing the crimes of Richard Speck can help us to better understand which of the theories may apply and perhaps help give us insight into why he committed his crimes. But they are more beneficial when not looking at a single specific crime, but the person and all the crimes they may have committed throughout their criminal careers.
The Crime
Richard Speck is without a doubt what is considered a chronic offender having been arrested over 40 times prior to committing the crime for which he is best known; the 1966 murder, rape, and robbery of eight student nurses. His victims were female students between the ages of 19 and 24 who lived together on Chicago's South Side. Speck forced his way into their dorm at gunpoint, rounded the women up, and ordered them to empty their purses before tying them up. He then proceeded to brutalize them. The women were robbed, raped, beaten, and then strangled or stabbed to death (BIO, 2013). Cooper and Smith (2011), tell us that crimes of this nature involving 3 or more victims represent less than 1% of all homicides committed each year (p. 24) and crimes of this nature are more likely to be carried out by use of a gun (p. 27). Additionally, young adults aged 18-24 continue to experience the highest homicide rates, but homicides across the spectrum have fallen since the early 1990s (Cooper & Smith, 2011). Fang, French & McCollister (2010) estimated the cost to process a murder for our court systems was $390,352, the crime victim costs were $737,517, and the criminal’s activities other than the homicide itself were $148,555. So each homicide has the potential of costing approximately $1,278,424 (table 3).
Rational Choice Theory
Siegel (2012) explains rational choice theory as boiling down to having made a choice to commit a crime. Before committing a crime reasonable criminals conduct a risk assessment of the crime they are considering to commit. This process includes the risk of being caught; to what extent and the seriousness the punishment will be; the expected gains for having committed the crime; and the necessity of having those gains at the current time. He further explains these type of criminals are selective and systematic in their pursuit of their criminal goals and when determining if they will or will not commit a crime. The evaluation of the risk helps the criminal to decide if the crime is indeed worth the chance of committing. This is based upon their past experiences, the cognitive rewards for having committed the crime, the status they gain from having committed the crime, and the perception of easy gains (p. 106).
The rational choice theory does not seem applicable to the crimes committed by Richard Speck. Speck’s crimes can be more easily attributed to his troubled childhood and young adult...

Find Another Essay On Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories

Comparison of Moral Theories Essay

908 words - 4 pages Comparison of Moral Theories A discussion of moral theories must begin with a discussion of the two extremes of ethical thinking, absolutism and relativism. Moral Absolutism is the belief that there are absolute standards where moral questions are judged and can be deemed right or wrong, regardless of the context. Steadfast laws of the universe, God, nature itself are the forces that deem an action right or wrong. A person’s actions rather than

Critical Comparison of Theories and Approaches of Community Organizing

1546 words - 7 pages Introduction: In this essay I shall make a critical comparison of different theories and approaches of community organising. By focusing on main aspects of Paulo Freire and Saul Alinsky’s models of community organising I shall discuss how applicable these models are in the UK. By drawing examples from experiences of applying Root Solution Listening Matters (RSLM) and Participatory Action Research (PAR) frameworks in my practice. I shall

A Comparison of Practical and Principled Nonviolent Action Theories

3804 words - 15 pages A Comparison of Practical and Principled Nonviolent Action Theories Introduction The phrase "nonviolent action" brings to mind a wide variety of sometimes conflicting images. The image of a Chinese student at Tiananmen Square standing in the way of a tank was portrayed around the world, along with the stories of those who were shot and run over by those tanks. Indian participants pressed forward undauntedly in columns and then in groups

Comparison of Theories of Attachment

2275 words - 9 pages , etc. Bowlby also states that infants tend to bond and become attached to one key figure, usually the mother, in which he calls, ‘monotropy ’ he considers this to be strongest bond, and is distinctive between mother and child. In comparison to Bowlby, Freud developed ‘cupboard love theories’ of attachment with two different view-points. According to psychoanalytic views, Infants become attached because of their carer’s capability to satisfy an

Comparison of Theories on Personality

1731 words - 7 pages Comparison of Theories on Personality Abstract This paper is a comparison of three different viewpoints on the subject of personality. Carl Jung, B.F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers all had very different outlooks on what defined someone’s personality. As an added feature I have included myself as a theorist because my views are also different from the previous mentioned theorists. This paper will also look briefly into the background of

A Comparison of Corrupt Kings in Shakespeare's Henry IV and Richard II

1119 words - 4 pages A successful monarchy relies upon a stable leader who is concerned with the satisfaction of those he rules over. Henry Bolingbroke the IV in Shakespeare's Henry the IV Part I follows a trend set by his predecessor in Richard II of self-indulgence and neglect of his kingdom. These leaders worry about the possibility of losing their kingdom or their soldiers to other nobles who were also concerned more with obtaining a higher position rather than

Comparison of “Just Walk on By” by Brent Staples and “Complexion” by Richard Rodriguez

1228 words - 5 pages Brent Staples and Richard Rodriguez’s autobiographical essays both start out with a problem, but they deal with it in different ways. Brent Staples’ “Just Walk on By” deals with the issue of racism and social judgment he faces because he is African-American, while Rodriguez’s essay “Complexion,” details the self-hatred and shame he felt in his childhood because of his skin color. Both of these essays deal with race, appearance, and self

Comparison of the Three Major Sociological Theories

1817 words - 7 pages SOCIOLOGY 303CLASSICAL THEORYComment on the three types of sociological theories, explain and argue, based onyour library or Internet research, which type of theory is the most appropriatetheory for sociology to adopt.The three general types of sociological theory are positivistic, interpretive andcritical theory. In determining which theory is the most appropriate for sociology toadopt, a basic understanding of each theory's strengths and

A Comparison of Theories of Social Capital by Pierre Bourdieu and James Coleman

3540 words - 14 pages A Comparison of Theories of Social Capital by Pierre Bourdieu and James Coleman Social capital is a sociological theory which has gained increasing attention in recent years. Whilst Bourdieu can be credited with introducing the term to sociology, it was James Coleman who allowed the concept to gain widespread recognition, highlighting its importance as an individual notion. For Bourdieu social capital forms a part of

Comparison of themes in "McBeth" by William Shakespeare and "The Last Safe Place on Earth" by Richard Peck

882 words - 4 pages The two stories, Macbeth, by William Shakespeare and The Last Safe Place on Earth, by Richard Peck are both excellent pieces of literature. Macbeth is a typical Shakespearian tragedy steeped with death, betrayal, heroes, and villains. In comparing these two novels, three distinct aspects are discovered. The first, the theme of appearances can be deceiving is seen in the character of Macbeth and Laurel Kellerman. The second comparison relates to

Comparison and Contrast of "The Most Dangerous Game" by Richard Connell with the 1930s movie version -short

585 words - 2 pages changed or eliminated. "The Most Dangerous Game" by Richard Connell is no exception.In the result of the transition of "The Most Dangerous Game" from literature to film, many aspects were altered. Though some are superficial, such as the appearance of "General Zaroff" and the movie's Count Zaroff, or the physical conditions of Ivan, others are quite noticeable. For example, concerning the introduction, the exchange between the short story's

Similar Essays

The Killing Spree Of Richard Speck

836 words - 3 pages The Killing Spree of Richard Speck Throughout the twentieth century, there have been many mass/serial killers. One killer who may be over-shadowed by the likes of Ted Bundy or Paul Bernardo, is Richard Speck. To some, Speck may be considered a "lightweight" in the mass murder world but to his victims and their families, he is a man of sub-human character. To prove his poor character, on that frightful night, while he was raping one of his

Comparison Of King Richard Iii And Looking For Richard

911 words - 4 pages for Richard" by Al Pacino extends our understanding of the values and contexts of the texts and the attributes they share. Shakespeare's Elizabethan audience valued religion and God's restoration of rigid order as Pacino's twentieth century audience have no decisive spiritual references and live in a world where independence is placed on the individual. The contextual comparison of the texts furthers our understanding of the values portrayed within two largely diverse time periods.

Comparison Of King Richard Iii And Looking For Richard

1603 words - 6 pages , underscored by dramatic irony. Shakespeare thus presents Richards manipulation of his public persona as being predestined to downfall, reflecting both the Machiavellian politics and religious beliefs of his time. Pacino portrays Richard III’s manipulation of his image, albeit highlighting different motives and thus the disparate values and concerns of the contemporary era in comparison to the Elizabethan age, but also underlines the secularism

Comparison/Contrast: The Merchant Of Venice And Richard Iii

1005 words - 4 pages In William Shakespeare’s tale of The Merchant of Venice and Richard III both plays show similar qualities as well as differences between the two plays. The Merchant of Venice and Richard III are similar in that both plays have women that are independent. These women are not afraid to speak up and lash out with hard words towards who they do not prefer. In the Merchant of Venice, Portia never gives up. She is a very strong character and goes as