This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

"Richard Taylor's Paper "Freedom, Determinism And Fate" Explores The Necessity For Society To Adopt A View Of Fatalism.

1286 words - 5 pages

"If two-way communication across time is possible then it must be possible to know in advance what one will do and what will happen. If so, Taylor's story of Osmo could be realized- fatalism is unavoidable."It is believed by many that time travel is physically possible. Such a belief brings with it a plethora of paradoxes, and importantly, brings into question conceived notion of human freedom. However as Aubrey Townsend, in his paper "Time Travel, Freedom and Deliberation", brings to our attention the same paradoxes of human freedom occur if two-way communication between times is possible as opposed to actual travel between times, in both cases we have advanced knowledge of the future. Such a possibility closely resembles the story of Osmo as presented in by Richard Taylor in his paper "Determinism, Freedom and Fate". I will argue that if we are able to gain foreknowledge of our own future, through for instance a two-way communicator through time, then we are condemned to fatalism.The doctrine of Fatalism is an ancient one which dictates that human freedom is illusory, what ever happens is, and always was unavoidable. As opposed to the common view of the future as full of possibilities the fatalist thinks of the future as something eternal and unchangeable.The idea of time travel is not as absurd as some may believe, and if we can conceive of the idea of human travel across time then why not the ability to send messages across time? If we grant the existence of a two-way communicator across time then in order for this to be possible two metaphysical considerations must be met. The first; the acceptance of four-dimensionalism, namely, we must grant the notion that other times are equally as real as other places, in this sense there is somewhere for our messages to go to.The second consideration is that of reverse causation, that is we must accept that it is possible for earlier events to be causally dependant on later events, and thus we may be able to send messages from a later time to an earlier time. We can make sense of this if we distinguish between the temporal and causal ordering of events as Lewis does in his paper "The Paradoxes of Time Travel". Lewis contends that in the case of time travel, or in our case communication across time we must draw a distinction between temporal order and causal order. Normally we assume that temporal and causal order are the same however in the case of time travellers or communicators it can sometimes be necessary for them to be different. For example in temporal order; I get the answers to my test questions (from a message in my two-way communicator) before my teacher has written the test. In causal order; I am given the questions, I get the answers, and I send the answers back in time through my two- way communicator. If these considerations were met, and I had a two-way communicator, then it would surely be possible to have advanced knowledge of the future, as Osmo does.Taylor's story of Osmo depicts a...

Find Another Essay On "Richard Taylor's paper "Freedom, Determinism and Fate" explores the necessity for society to adopt a view of Fatalism.

Higher Law: A Necessity for the Individual and Society

1389 words - 6 pages the Declaration of Independence. Martin Luther King Jr. expands this idea, and lastly, a modern day view of old texts (compiled by Charles Rice) explains what the essential meaning and relevance to society of natural law is amongst men.Sophocles' Antigone is one of the first major works to address the issue of human laws being subject to a higher law of some sort. Creon gives a decree that Polynices must not be given a proper funeral or burial

The problem with determinism and the benefits of Taylor's theory of agency. 900 words. Bibilogeraphy

922 words - 4 pages In Metaphysics Richard Taylor outlines the different views on the concept of freedom.The traditional view is that of the compatibilists which states that freedom is the ability to act, or not to act, according to the determinations of the will. It is so defined to make it compatible with the theory of determinism, which essentially states that all actions have a causal explanation due to the state of the world in the moment previous.However, the

“Liberty And Necessity”: Peter Van Inwagen Freedom Of The Will

685 words - 3 pages only because is against the law to rob a bank. They have free will to do it and make decisions but as I said there are repercussions for their actions. Second, the truth of determinism rejects the existence of free will. Incompatibilism is a philosophical theory about the importance of determinism to free will. “Incompatibilists hold that free will and determinism are incompatible (Perry, John, Michael Bratman, and John M. Fischer, p.387

It compares and contrasts different types of freedom in "A Man for All Seasons," "To Althea" by Richard Lovelace and "Prisoner of Chillon" by Lord Byron

751 words - 3 pages Freedom???Freedom is a state of mind and is a choice. It cannot be taken away from somebody if they are in shackles or in jail. Freedom means different things to different people. Different people would also put their life on the line as long as they have freedom. Sir Thomas More in A Man for All Seasons, Richard Lovelace in "To Althea", and Lord Byron in "The Prisoner of Chillon, all have different perspectives on what freedom is and what they

This essay explores the proccess of assimilating into the American society after a famiy moves to the USA from China in "In The American Society", by Gish Jen. It also explores the irony in the title...

714 words - 3 pages essentially the best one for him and his family to be members of, and that our country permits this because we have freedom, liberty, and justice for all!Through this story, you follow the Asian-American family as they encounter struggles as well as luck, as they assimilate into the "American Society". You meet the same turmoil that the family stumbles upon as they enter a completely new world. The title suggests that there is an exact way to act while living in the American society, but as Jen depicts the father's own society, readers come to realize that this unique society works just as well.

"Camus and the Absurd": Essay explores the existentialist reasonings of Albert Camus and discusses his view of the self in comparison to other existentalist thinkers

985 words - 4 pages eternity by the Gods to roll a rock up a hill only for it to fall back down to the bottom where he has to do it again. We react to Sisyphus' fate with dismay because we can see his life as meaningless and futile. This of course is the point, that our lives too are meaningless. Camus also points out that we only see this fate as atrocious when we compare it to better alternative. But when we accept that there is no better alternative we can accept

The Necessity for a Reliable System of Law

972 words - 4 pages on by a formal legal system. Whether law and morality should be the same is a question that is debated, positivist like Hart affirm that law and morality are fundamentally isolated from each other, but proponents of natural law theory believe that law and morality should coincide. In today’s society, a reliable legal system is need in order to deal with disorder and conflicts, and in order to have a reliable system, and by reliable it is

The Need For A Genderless Society - Freedom, Equality, Justice

995 words - 4 pages combat these problems faced by women today in our society we will need to create a genderless society where everyone is equal and gender has no role what so ever in it. This is an almost impossible feat as long as there are different sexes, but sex and gender are two different things. Sex is the biological difference of men and women that can never be changed, but gender is the role in society that each sex plays. I believe that for women to

Legal Abortion=Freedom of Choice Whenever a society attempts to outlaw abortions, it ignores the same urgent reasons for safe, legal abortions that have always existed

787 words - 3 pages Legal abortions are essential in a free society that values women and their rights. Abortion is never an easy decision, but women have been making that decision for thousands of years. Whenever a society attempts to outlaw abortions, it ignores the same urgent reasons for safe, legal abortions that have always existed.Choice is good for families. There are many programs such as family planning, sex education, and contraception which diminish the

Freedom of Expression Is Vital to a Free Society

1257 words - 5 pages limiting speech? In this paper, these questions will be examined along with a discussion of where the basic right of free speech originated. Today, society or government can attempt to regulate speech, but it cannot prevent it if a person is within the parameters of his or her constitutional rights. For centuries, civilizations have struggled on deciding what is morality acceptable speech and trying to place restrictions on what is considered

Use of Religion to Offer a Critique of Society in Forster's “A Room with a View" and Hartley's "The Go-Between"

2216 words - 9 pages and George still need a room to admire the view, in the same way that free thinking must be based on a school of thought that can originate in religion or society but much better comes from love. Another theme that Hartley explores is the idea that belief systems create idealised role models, adopted as authorities, which are inevitably doomed to failure. By writing in retrospect, Hartley is able to initiate the theme of associating Zodiac signs

Similar Essays

Richard Taylor's Endorsement Of Fatalism: Sophistry And Lies

2933 words - 12 pages PurposeIn this paper I will address certain flaws in Richard Taylor's argument in favor of fatalism. Foremost I will summarize the argument Taylor gives for fatalism. I will then address a significant point of invalidity in his argument. Subsequently I will offer a good-faith rebuttal to my counterpoint on behalf of Taylor followed by a final statement in support of my point.IIn the sixth chapter of his book Metaphysics (3rd edition), entitled

Freedom And Determinism In Richard Taylor’s Metaphysics

851 words - 3 pages . The theory of soft determinism allows for negative freedom, but excludes positive freedom. Negative freedom can be defined as the freedom from constraint within a causally determined framework, whilst positive freedom can be the freedom to initiate creative actions. These two types of freedoms can exist either concurrently (as they do in the rights and responsibilities of society) or separately (as they do in the life of a slave). As soft

Philosophy Metaphysics Essay: Distinguish Between The Doctrines Of Fatalism And Determinism; Can One Be A Fatalist Without Being A Determinist And Vice Versa?

1031 words - 4 pages the principle of bivalence, which claims that a proposition is either always true or false regardless of its place in time (Ryle, G 1953). Hence, the fatalist believes nothing one can do will alter the truth or falsity of a proposition but rather just verify it, as it is pre-determined. As we can see, fatalism provides no room for the concept of free will to exist - as even what we think and do is once again subject to “fate” or the “

Free Will, Determinism And Fatalism Essay

1533 words - 6 pages vise-versa for an American person to choose the burger over the sushi. That choice can be called fatalism; However Determinism makes more sense, "it is the view that all actions and events are determined to happen based upon antecedent causes and pre-existing conditions. Given your beliefs and desires a certain action or response was certain to follow. According to the determinist all actions are determined and that rules out the possibility of