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Right To Education Essay

1475 words - 6 pages

The United Nations Convention in the Rights of the Child (hereby, CRC) is a human rights treaty which outlines the rights of children around the world. It is broken up into three major sections, being substinence rights, protection rights, and participation rights. The CRC recognizes the special vulnerability of children and is therefore attempting to protect them and also acknowledges that they should have their own document. Under the CRC, a child is defined as any human being under the age of eighteen years unless a younger age is otherwise stated in the laws of his or her country. However, the CRC has brought up some questions of concern among many people. For one, the articles are very vague, and were made this way so that all countries would sign it. This makes the document unclear, imprecise, and sometimes contradictory. Also, the Northern nations had the greatest involvement in drafting the document, which has led to claims of cultural bias and questions of whether human rights can be applied universally. Images of the ideal childhood in the Industrial North have been brought to the Global South through the CRC. Is this to say that one culture’s way of viewing childhood is more correct than another and should therefore be enforced? Can ways of viewing and therefore treating children be generalized into a document as broad as the CRC?
Article 28 of the CRC stated that all children have the right to education based on equal opportunity. It stresses that primary education should be compulsory and made available free to all. This is a critical right because education allows children to reach their full potential and aids them in development and acquiring knowledge. However, compulsory schooling is not practical in certain places and it would appear that it would be more beneficial for children to work instead. Should the right to education, then, be a universal right? Or is it only realistic in developed nations? Due to the immense benefits of education, I believe that no matter what culture or nationality, all children should have the right to a free and equal education. Education provides the best chances for children to advance in society and break the cycle of poverty.
In creating Article 28, the developers of the CRC have recognized the discourse of children as becoming and being. In becoming, a child is seen as an “adult in the making” or is in the process of becoming an adult. Similarly, children as being are seen to be active participants in society with the ability to shape to world around them. They are also seen as having equal importance of adults. It is widely known that education yields important development benefits. Therefore, it allows children to reach their full potential while developing into the adult they are to become. Children are acknowledged with being capable of gaining knowledge, and with this knowledge, become an important part of society. Thus, the developers of the CRC have recognized the potential in all...

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