Rights to Water
Drinking water is essential and indispensable to life itself possible on the face of the earth, it is much more than a well, a resource, a commodity, drinking water is specifically a human right of first order and an element essential national sovereignty itself and, most likely, whoever controls the water control the economy and life in the not so distant future.
Man's efforts to improve the environment in which he lives and improve their quality of life, then depend on the availability of water, there is a close correlation between key water quality and public health, including the ability to access water and the level of hygiene and water between abundance and ...view middle of the document...
5% is salt water, only 2.5% is fresh. Ice caps and glaciers contain e1 74% of the world's freshwater. Most of the rest are in the depths of the earth or the earth encapsulated in the form of moisture. Only 0.3% of the world's freshwater is in rivers and lakes. For human use is accessible to less than 1% of the ground surface freshwater on the planet. (See Appendix No. 08)
In 25 years, it is possible that half the world's population, have difficulty finding fresh water in sufficient quantities for drinking and irrigation. Currently, more than 80 countries (40% of the world population) suffer severe water shortages. Conditions may get worse over the next 50 years as the population increases and global warming disrupts rainfall patterns. A third of the global population lives in areas with water scarcity, where consumption outstrips supply. Western Asia is the most threatened region. Over 90% of the population of that region, suffers great stress by water scarcity and water consumption exceeds 10% of renewable freshwater resources.
freshwater essential resource to health
Water is essential to human life, health and basic element for survival and for food production and economic activities.
According Guissé H.1997, in humans, water loss can have serious consequences if it reaches 10% of this mass in the body and cause death from 20%. Moreover, although the water is always full of different minerals and organic substances content in adult male and in good health going from 58 to 67%, whereas in the newborn is around 66 to 74%.
According to the Programme of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP, 2003), water-borne, diseases cause 80% of diseases and deaths occurring in developing countries and cause the death of a child every eight seconds. Half the world's hospital beds are occupied by people suffering from water-borne diseases.
It has been found that poor water and sanitation, are the direct cause of deteriorating health conditions and caused major cause of environmental diseases. The impact of the lack of safe water, means that almost half of people in developing countries - especially girls and children suffering caused, directly or indirectly diseases by consuming contaminated food or water, or pathogenic organisms that thrive in water (United Nations, 2003). The numbers are dramatic: each year, 2.2 million people in developing countries, (mostly children) die from diseases associated with lack of access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene conditions; this means that every day, 6,000 children die for these reasons.
According to the Programme of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP, 2003), a person needs to drink about four liters of water per day. According to the parameters of the World Health Organization (WHO, 2000) and the United Nations Fund for Children (UNICEF), a reasonable supply of water should be at least equal to twenty liters per person per day, and facility must be located within a...