Napoleon Bonaparte was born on the island of Corsica in 1769. He was the third son and fourth
child of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino. In Napoleons twenties, he adopted the name
Napoléon Bonaparte. Later on in life Napoleon attended a military academy, he gained the
officer rank quickly since so many officers fled France during this time.
In 1793 Napoleon got to command French troops and they chased out the British from Toulon.
Two years later he broke up a Paris mob by ordering his platoon to fire a somewhat lethal pellet
at the rioters. These actions did not go unnoticed by the Directory. Also Napoleon’s wife had
influential friends among the directors which helped him get general status when he was 27.
Later on Napoleon gained command of the French army for an invasion of Italy. Napoleon had
several victories against the Austrians who powered north of Italy. Later on the Austrians
withdrew from the war in 1797 which left Britain the only country fighting in France.
In 1798 Napoleon invaded Egypt because it was a vital lifeline to British outposts in India. When
Napoleon won the battle against Egypt he suffered a disastrous setback at sea because the British
fleet destroyed the French fleet in the battle of the Nile.
After leaving the army in Egypt Napoleon returned to Paris. The French were not fully aware of
the losses in Egypt and they welcomed him home as a hero. Once Napoleon returned he soon
found out that many people were dissatisfied with the Directory. With the help of troops that
were loyal to him, he and two directors overthrew the government in 1799. Napoleon and other
supporters drew another constitution and under the new government Napoleon was named
In the early 1800s, France fought all the major European governments, including Austria,
Prussia, Britain, and Russia. Napoleon was a skilled military leader who moved his army in
unexpected ways. A good example is when he massed his troops against the Austrian army in
1805. Napoleon defeated Austria and Russia. After both countries made peace on napoleons
terms. In 1806 Prussia declared war on France. Napoleon won the battle and occupied Berlin.
From 1807 to 1812, Napoleon was at the top of his power. His empire stretched from France to
the borders of Russia. He governed France and the Netherlands as...