Rising Tensions Essay

1055 words - 4 pages

During the Second World War, the United States allied itself with the Soviet Union, Britain and France to defeat the Axis forces made up by the fascist countries of Germany, Italy, and Japan. The United States and the Soviet Union, however, only allied because it benefited them both to defeat the fascist nations, not because they trusted each other; they had conflicting ideas that did not allow them to agree on an action. At first, the result of World War II seemed to favor the Axis powers, but the outcome was a victory for the Allied powers because of their two-front war strategy on Germany and the bombing of Japan’s Hiroshima and Nagasaki. During the war, the Allied powers met in conferences and discussed plans for postwar Europe. These meetings and the actions of both the United States and the Soviet Union after the war increased the tension between them and ultimately led to the Cold War.
World War II began when fascist dictators gained control of their countries, Adolf Hitler in Germany, Benito Mussolini in Italy and Hideki Tojo in Japan. These dictators after establishing their fascist regimes began to invade their neighboring countries in order to impose their ideas on them. After World War I, the United States became wary of communism and fascism and believed them to be dangerous and when the fascist countries began their mission of world domination the United States immediately classified them as threats. Britain and France at the Munich Conference made an agreement with Hitler in which he pledged to stop attaining more territory and Stalin to ensure that the Soviet Union would not be invaded signed a Nonaggression Pact with Hitler. Hitler broke the first when he launched a blitzkrieg and later broke his pact with Stalin, which began the Second World War. The fact that the Soviet Union and Germany declared war on each other did not bother the United States since they did not agree with either communism or fascism; Vice President Harry S. Truman even said that they should finish each other off (Document A). The United States followed the policy of isolationism in the beginning of World War II and kept it until German forces defeated France.
The United States did not want to be involved with foreign conflicts but gave preferentiality to Britain and France, a support that the Lend Lease Act revealed to the opposing powers. President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew that the United States would eventually need to be involved in the war despite the publics’ opinion because the threat of the spread of communism was too great, but the United States was suddenly plunged into war. Japan bombed Pearl Harbor after the United States placed an oil embargo on it when it invaded China, a U.S ally. President Roosevelt immediately with Congress’ approval declared war on Japan.
Many battles occurred and many lives taken, but it was not until the Battle of Bulge that Germany finally surrendered, after the U.S with other Allied forces attacked Germany from...

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