A. Step 1 -Identify Hazards: A hazard is a condition with the potential to cause injury, illness, or death of personnel; damage to or loss of personnel, equipment and property; or operations degradation. A hazard may also be a situation or event that can result in degradation of capabilities or operational failure.
1) Use the following tools/assets to identify potential hazards:
• Experience and other experts.
• Regulations and policies.
• Risk assessment matrices.
• Readiness assessments.
• Cause and effect diagrams.
• Change analysis. .
• Logic diagrams.
• Training assessments.
• After-action reviews(AARs).
B. Step 2 -Assess the Hazards: This process is systematic in nature and ...view middle of the document...
The probability levels estimated for each hazard are based on the operations or frequency of a similar event. For the purpose of (RM), there are four levels of probability—frequent, likely, occasional, and seldom:
• Frequent – Occurs very often, known to happen regularly. Given 500 or
so exposures to the hazard, expect that it will definitely happen to someone. Examples of frequent occurrences are workplace injuries , due to personnel not being properly trained.
• Likely – Occurs several times, a common occurrence. Given 1000 or so
exposures without proper controls, it will occur at some point. Examples might include workplace climate, where employees in work group or sections interact due to department projects.
• Occasional – Occurs sporadically, but is not uncommon. You may or may not get through your assigned section/department project without it happening.
• Seldom – Remotely possible, could occur at some time. Usually several things must go wrong for it to happen.
• Unlikely – Can assume will not occur, but not impossible.
C. Step 3 - Develop Controls and Make Decisions:
1) After assessing each hazard, leaders (individuals) develop one or more controls
that either eliminate the hazard or reduce the risk (probability and/or severity) of a
hazardous incident occurring. In developing controls leaders must consider the reason for
the hazard, not just the hazard itself.
2) Find Control Measures: Sources such as personal experience, AARs, risk management systems available through the organization structure , regulations, policies, techniques, and procedures , and lessons learned from similar past operations can provide or identify possible control measures for specific events. The key to effective control measures is that they reduce the effect of or eliminate the identified hazard.
3) Effective control measures must specify who, what, where, when, and how.
4) Reassess Risk: With controls applied, risk must be reassessed to determine the residual risk associated with each hazard and the overall residual risk for the task or operation. The process of developing and applying controls and reassessing risk continues until an acceptable level of risk is achieved or until...