Ritalin And Other Methylphenidates Essay

757 words - 4 pages

Page 807

Ritalin and Other Methylphenidates

What Kind of Drug Is It?

Ritalin and other methylphenidates belong to a class of drugs called stimulants, which typically excite or speed up the brain and body. Stimulants increase endurance, reduce hunger, make the user feel less tired, and produce feelings of well-being and happiness. Many substances, both legal and illegal, are considered stimulants. Caffeine is a mild stimulant found naturally in coffee, tea, and chocolate. Amphetamines (am-FETT-uh-meens) are powerful stimulant drugs available only by prescription. Methylphenidates are chemically related to amphetamines, but their effects are not as intense. They, too, are available only by prescription. Cocaine and crack are examples of illegal stimulants. (Entries on caffeine, amphetamines, and cocaine are also available in this encyclopedia.)

Methylphenidates, such as Ritalin, are primarily prescribed to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). People with ADHD usually have difficulty focusing and controlling their actions. For example, they might speak or act rashly before thinking about the consequences of such behavior. The main symptom of ADHD is hyperactivity, which means that an individual is noticeably more active than his or her peers. Children with ADHD often have trouble paying attention in school, sitting still, and waiting their turn. They may have difficulty concentrating or focusing on certain tasks, including tests and assignments. These difficulties sometimes interfere with social development and building lasting relationships.

ADHD is frequently diagnosed in childhood, but it can continue into adulthood. As such, it really affects individuals of all ages. Methylphenidate can help ADHD sufferers even though it is a stimulant. It does not produce a stimulant effect in people diagnosed with ADHD. Instead, it works by helping the user's brain filter out distractions, thus improving his or her ability to focus on a given task.

Sidebar: Hide

Official Drug Name: Methylphenidate (METH-uhl-FENN-ih-date), methylphenidate hydrochloride, Ritalin, Ritalin SR, Concerta, Metadate CD, Metadate ER, Methylin, Methylin ER; dexmethylphenidate (DEKS-meth-uhl-FENN-ih-date; Focalin)

Also Known As: Vitamin R, West Coast, R-ball

Drug Classifications: Schedule II, stimulant

Narcolepsy and Depression

Methylphenidate is also used to treat narcolepsy, a disorder that causes people to become sleepy during the daytime and experience uncontrollable episodes of sleep. In...

Find Another Essay On Ritalin and Other Methylphenidates

Ritalin Essay

1541 words - 6 pages Ritalin). Other adults are being diagnosed forthe first time as the disorder is detected in their own children. 'More andmore ADD has become a condition that is well known, for which a medicalsolution really gives instantaneous results,' says Ryan Watson, a childpsychologist. 'Ritalin works and it works fast'(Wonder Drug).How far should doctors go with these prescriptions? Increasingly doctorsare prescribing Ritalin to even pre-schoolers. Researchers

Ritalin, Helpful and Harmful Essay

1685 words - 7 pages would be a perfect little angel. Most were so happy to find a cure that they did not stop to contemplate other methods of treatment, possible side effects, or get a second opinion. Dr. Sharon Collins believes this is because, "It takes time for parents and teachers to talk to kids. It takes less time to get a child a pill" (Hancock 52). Parents get stuck in the mind set that Ritalin is a cure all for hyperactive children. Many psychiatrists

Is Ritalin Good

1407 words - 6 pages children and Ritalin: “Our society has institutionalized drug abuse among our children. Worse yet, we abuse our children with drugs rather than making the effort to find better ways to meet their needs. In the long run, we are giving our children a very bad lesson-that drugs are the answer to emotional problems. We are encouraging a generation of youngsters to grow up relying on psychiatric drugs rather than on themselves and other human resources

Ritalin issues and popular use with children

1149 words - 5 pages as girls (7). The issue of Ritalin is seen as both the solution and the problem depending on ones point of view.Some individuals may never be completely content with Ritalin as they are worried about its effectiveness. Extensive studies of child behavior show the advantages and disadvantages of using Ritalin and the effects it will have on children. Other studies show that Ritalin is highly effective in helping children become compliant in the

The Debate Over Ritalin Use by Children with ADHD

3397 words - 14 pages risk of future drug abuse. Many tests and investigations have been conducted to determine whether this theory is true. There are other products that are very similar to Ritalin that help patients focus and lessen the symptoms of ADHD. Other drugs used for the treatment of ADHD include; Concerta, Focalin, Adderall and Methylin. These are all stimulants that treat the symptoms of ADHD in very similar ways. I will be focusing specifically on Ritalin

Adderall XR vs. Ritalin

708 words - 3 pages . Adderall XR is superior, because of its faster reaction time, longer lasting effectiveness, and less severe side effects, than those of Ritalin.One reason Adderall XR owns over Ritalin is because Adderall XR is much faster in reaching its maximum effectiveness. "Ritalin needs at least 45 minutes to an hour to reach its full efficiency" Diane Lore Adderall, on the other hand, only takes about 30 minutes to reach its peak efficiency pill book." Now

How Ritalin can help

1543 words - 6 pages as a means of improving attention and lowering their activity level. Ritalin may be taken in different dosages, some lasting for around three hours while the other time-releasing ones may last up to eight hours. According to Education Week, "The largest study to date testing the effects of Ritalin on teenagers with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder suggests that the drug, when used in combination with other interventions, can raise

Why kids abuse ritalin

2042 words - 8 pages . Performance enhancers such as Viagra and Prozac are considered to be welcome additions to people's diets in this current time when it is believed that all of life's problems can be solved by taking some sort of pill. Ritalin, a drug that is intended for use in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most controversial prescription drugs today. The difference between Ritalin and other drugs on the market is that this

Should children with ADHD be on Ritilan or similar drugs? Are psychiatrists using this to make money? Is ADHD diagnosis real or made up for the profit of greedy people?

569 words - 2 pages . Ritalin's effect on the body is equivalent to cocaine or amphetamines; the only difference being that Ritalin is more potent and lasts longer. It would require more cocaine or amphetamines to reach the same effect as Ritalin. Ritalin causes the child to slow down and stare straight ahead; giving the effect that he is paying attention. Why give a child the equivalent of a street drug that is harmful and doesn't work, when there are other healthier

Ritalin is Not the Solution to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

2080 words - 8 pages ).   Garber, Garber and Spizman focus on the idea that Ritalin is not the only answer and that there are other alternatives to it. One such alternative to consider would be child psychiatry. Randi Henderson tells a story of a boy named Tommy Franklin, who had the symptoms of ADD. His parents had heard about the drug, Ritalin, but chose instead to see a child psychiatrist. The psychiatrist recommended some behavioral techniques to help with Tommy

Central Nervous System Stimulant: Ritalin

1844 words - 7 pages Ritalin is a brand name for methylphenidate. Ritalin is a mild central nervous system stimulant that doctors prescribe to treat several disorders. The most common use of Ritalin is for the treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Another known use of Ritalin is in the treatment of Narcolepsy. A doctor might also prescribe it to treat depression. Ritalin and other drugs in the

Similar Essays

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd), Ritalin, And The Brain

1589 words - 6 pages the disorder cannot be cured, they are methods that scientists have come up with to address the symptoms displayed by ADHD. These approaches range all the way from psychotherapy, and cognitive-behavioral therapy, to the prescription of pyschostimulant medications. (3) The most popular of these medications include amphetamines, such as Aderall, and methylphenidates such as Ritalin. (1) The use of such drugs has caused controversy among scientists

Adhd: Is Ritalin Overprescribed? Essay

1427 words - 6 pages include amphetamines such as Dexedrine and Adderall, and methylphenidates such as Ritalin, Concerta and Metadate CD. Antidepressants are occasionally used, however, Ritalin is by far the most often prescribed medication to help control ADHD. (Web Md, 2002)All over the world, people are concerned with the overwhelming numbers of Ritalin being prescribed to people who show signs of ADHD. The numbers are steadily increasing every year. In Australia, the

Ritalin: Abuse Essay

765 words - 3 pages other amphetamines were recognized as abusive substances, so many new controls were introduced to more closely monitor the prescribing of these drugs. Despite these new restrictions, the abuse and over-prescribing of Ritalin has re-emerged from the shadows.      One way the over-prescribing of Ritalin has emerged is its constant use for treating ADHD in children and adolescents. ADHD is a behavioral disorder and generally

Ritalin: Not The Best Treatment For Adhd Or Add

1285 words - 5 pages Ritalin and other drugs used to treat children with ADHD and ADD have been given a lot of negative and some positive press over the years, but what is alarming is the statistics which I discovered from Suellen May, the editor of Understanding Drugs: Ritalin and Related Drugs: “In 1996, an estimated 1.5 million American schoolchildren (approximately 3-5% of all U.S. schoolchildren) were taking Ritalin daily” (9). The number clearly doubled over