Ritual And Music Culture Essay

1055 words - 5 pages

Significance of Cosmology on Ritual and Music Culture in Early China

Beginning when the mythical Five emperors of China ruled (2800-2070 BCE), the relationship between music and ritual was already established in order to follow moral and ethical guidelines and establish social order. This gave way to a complex system of music and ritual that were intertwined and interdependent, with the single aim of bringing harmony to society and ensuring success and strength of the Dynasty. The correlation between music culture, ritual and social values became strictly defined in during the Zhou dynasty (1045-256 BCE) because in the ideal society as conceptualized by Confucius (551-479 BCE), ...view middle of the document...

This is evident from the five tones of the musical scale that correspond to Five Phases which was a cosmic principle that the early Chinese incorporated into the natural framework of their society to attain harmony. During the Zhou dynasty, the government appointed officials to teach music education in schools to reinforce the Confucian revival of ritual and musical practices. This allowed development of a rich understanding of musical philosophy and musical interpretation (Van Breeman 2-3). Early Chinese music was based on a chromatic scale with 12 fundamental sounds grouped into two groups with six tones in each. These sounds were not just sounds though, as they represent something much more important to the early Chinese society because they incorporated ideas of cosmology. The groups represented the masculine group and the feminine group, Ying and Yang, Li and Lu respectively. This symbolism is first observed in the basis of Chinese music, the five tones. The first was gōng 宫, meaning the Emperor, the second was shāng 商, the Prime Minister, third was jué 角, loyal subjects, fourth was zhǐ 徵, affairs of the state, and the fifth was yǔ 羽, material things (Van Breeman). These notes meant more than just sounds; they each corresponded to a natural phenomenon such as a lunation, elevating these sounds in an almost poetic sense to more important philosophical purpose. Music was able to take on a whole new dimension of significance as a medium to achieve harmony and embody elements off cosmology so important to rituals and daily life in social sphere of early China (Richard 91-94).

Throughout the Zhou dynasty, music began to take on a more religious role that was closely associated with ancestor worship, sacrifices and ritual practice which were important facets of everyday life to the early Chinese. Music was categorized into eight different natural sounds and metal was used to create most ritual and ceremonies at court ( Van Breeman). One of the greatest archaeological discoveries dating to around 430 BCE, The Warring States Period (482-221 BCE), was the tomb of the Marquis of Yi. This tomb was uncovered in Hubei province and included four chambers summing up to...

Find Another Essay On ritual and music culture

Culture and Music Essay

1310 words - 5 pages Culture and Music George Gershwin once said, “True music must repeat the thought and inspirations of the people and the time. My people are Americans and my time is today.” Over the years, no form of art has attached itself to humanity more than music. Music has been creating and destroying cultures in the Twentieth Century at a very rapid rate. Fads come and go, but true music and the heart behind it never dies. The story of

Hawaiian Culture and Music Essay

986 words - 4 pages ; in fact there are, no racial majorities in the Hawaii. 38.3% of the population is Asian while only 26.1% is Caucasian. Because of the diversity of citizens and the mix of Western idea with Hawaiian traditions, Hawaii has a varied and ethnically assorted culture. However, many citizens still practice the religion and traditions of their ancestors through their music and dance. The most important influence of Hawaiian music is the native

Music and the American Culture

1834 words - 7 pages Music has played a vital role in human culture and evidence based on archaeological sites can date it back to prehistoric times. It can be traced through almost all civilizations in one form or another. As time has progressed so has the music and the influences it has on people. Music is an important part of popular culture throughout the world, but it is especially popular in the United States. The music industry here is, and has been, a

Lollapalooza and The Alternative Music Culture

2538 words - 10 pages There have been many events in the course of music history that has shaped how what becomes popular and what is deemed “proper” in terms of music we should be consuming. In 1991, Lollapalooza, a multi city touring festival in the United States, highlighting alternative culture changed how music was consumed from there on forward. With the popularity of the festival and the highlighting of the alternative culture it represented the music industry

Culture and Music of the 70's

2639 words - 11 pages Culture and Music of the 70's Music is an outlet to all aspects of life and culture is a significant way of forming people and the way they live. Although not always seen directly culture has an overbearing influence on the music that is produced and made popular. The political Climate of the early seventies was full of fire with issues such as Vietnam and constant protest throughout the county. Later in the 70’s the end of the

Why The Beatles Revolutionized Music and Pop Culture

2786 words - 12 pages because of their music, their message of love and peace was a great influence on the world at that time as well. Even after almost fifty plus years, they still have an influence on popular culture and music to this day. In this essay I will make the case why the Beatles revolutionized music and pop culture with their style, lyrics, and message of peace and love. If it were not for the Beatles, music would not be what it is today. The Beatles are the

Puerto Rican Music as Representation of Their History and Culture

1397 words - 6 pages Puerto Rican Music as Representation of Their History and Culture Puerto Rican music is an evolving art form that expresses Puerto Rican culture and identity. The development of Puerto Rican music is also a reflection of their history, both being complicated by several layers. Social, political, and economic conditions are all related to the musical expressions of Puerto Ricans (Glasser, 8). Puerto Rican migration to the United States and

Romare Bearden: A Blend of Music and Culture

1650 words - 7 pages art, but he also composed and played in various jazz bands. It is clear that Romare Bearden's series Of the Blues and other works were highly influenced by the jazz and blues culture of Harlem. In 1975, an exhibition was held at Cordier & Eckstrom Gallery in New York featuring Bearden’s charming musical progression: Of the Blues. This series was comprised of nineteen captivating collages featuring New York City clubs and other music scenes. This

Hip Hop Music and its Impact on American Culture

2529 words - 10 pages , platinum chain, and a crooked baseball hat with the tags still on. This cookie-cutter mold can sadly be seen on just about every street corner. Why? Because it’s part of the culture. When you are a part of a culture, you adopt the food, music, speech, and dress that are unique to that culture. People who are a part of the country music-based culture are generally perceived as wearing tighter fitting jeans, button up shirts, and cowboy hats, whereas

Similarities in Culture of Jazz and Hip Hop Music

3047 words - 12 pages , all in a musical conversation with Gillespie as well. The tradition of signifyin' within the culture of African-American vernacular is clearly articulated through the musicians, their instruments, and the music of jazz. As Amiri Baraka writes in his essay entitled, "Jazz and the White Critic", in jazz, "the notes mean something; and the something is, regardless of stylistic consideration, part of the black psyche as it dictates the various forms

Ambiguity in Folk Music and Culture: Bob Dylan & Kara Walker

1824 words - 7 pages American singer-songwriter and folk musician Bob Dylan describes in his autobiography, as well as his life and music in general, the ambiguity of folk songs and their ability to be openly shared, interpreted, and even fabricated, and he believes that human nature is such that we are most comfortable with this opacity. The work of African American artist Kara Walker reinforces this belief, and applies it to history with the exploration of

Similar Essays

Swazi Music And Culture Essay

876 words - 4 pages characteristic of the kora is that an ostinato riff can be played simultaneously with a lead run. While one might expect the citizens of Swaziland to create a downtrodden and oppressed style of music and culture due to their immense oppression and deteriorating conditions, they have come to resemble a certain variety of optimism from which we all can learn from. Through defining events such as the Incwala and Umhlanga, their culture remains a strong and essential part of the Swazi way of life. Swaziland has made its mark on the music world through distinctive instruments and inspiration to last a lifetime.

Culture And Music Essay

569 words - 2 pages culture would include clothing, food, and art to name a few. Music is a distinct, diverse culture in itself, a subculture. Each musical era had its own code of values, social forms, and material traits.      The Gregorian chants of the Middle Ages were composed and performed specifically for Catholic Church services, as the church was the strongest institution of that time. For this reason, the majority of music in the

Culture And Music Paper

570 words - 2 pages culture would include clothing, food, and art to name a few. Music is a distinct, diverse culture in itself, a subculture. Each musical era had its own code of values, social forms, and material traits.The Gregorian chants of the Middle Ages were composed and performed specifically for Catholic Church services, as the church was the strongest institution of that time. For this reason, the majority of music in the Middle Ages was of a religious

Media Music And Culture Essay

1224 words - 5 pages The issue of race is something the world faces in almost every element of life. In todays society there are issues of racism in politics, crime and media. One form of media that can be looked into specifically is music. Kembrew addresses this in lecture by stating, “Music and culture flow across racial, socioeconomic, and geographic boundaries” (McLeod Week One). Recently a particular Brad Paisley song featuring LL Cool J has sparked some