This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Robert De Boron's "Merlin" Essay

3115 words - 12 pages

Robert de Boron's Merlin portrays Merlin as the prophet of the Holy Grail, a role he was to repeat in the Vulgate cycle. This set of manuscripts fleshes out the role of Merlin as advisor: He tells Uther to establish a knightly fellowship (Round Table, anyone?), and he assures Uther that his true heir will be revealed as the one who could draw the sword from the stone. Finally, Merlin's infatuation with the Lady of the Lake (in most cases Nimue) is introduced.Merlin, Arthur's adviser, prophet and magician, is basically the creation of Geoffrey of Monmouth, who in his twelfth-century History of the Kings of Britain combined the Welsh traditions about a bard and prophet named Myrddin with the story that the ninth-century chronicler Nennius tells about Ambrosius (that he had no human father and that he prophesied the defeat of the British by the Saxons). Geoffrey gave his character the name Merlinus rather than Merdinus (the normal Latinization of Myrddin) because the latter might have suggested to his Anglo-Norman audience the vulgar word "merde."In Geoffrey's book, Merlin assists Uther Pendragon and is responsible for transporting the stones of Stonehenge from Ireland, but he is not associated with Arthur. Geoffrey also wrote a book of "Prophecies of Merlin" before his History. The Prophecies were then incorporated into the History as its seventh book. These led to a tradition that is manifested in other medieval works, in eighteenth-century almanac writers who made predictions under such names as Merlinus Anglicus, and in the presentation of Merlin in later literature. Merlin became very popular in the Middle Ages. He is central to a major text of the thirteenth-century French Vulgate cycle, and he figures in a number of other French and English romances. Sir Thomas Malory, in the Morte d'Arthur presents him as the adviser and guide to Arthur. In the modern period Merlin's popularity has remained constant. He figures in works from the Renaissance to the modern period. In The Idylls of the King, Tennyson makes him the architect of Camelot. Mark Twain, parodying Tennyson's Arthurian world, makes Merlin a villain, and in one of the illustrations to the first edition of Twain's work illustrator Dan Beard's Merlin has Tennyson's face. Numerous novels, poems and plays center around Merlin. In American literature and popular culture, Merlin is perhaps the most frequently portrayed Arthurian character.Merlin first appears in extant records (Armes Prydein, Y Gododdin) from the early 10th century as a mere prophet, but his role gradually evolved into that of magician, prophet and advisor, active in all phases of the administration of King Arthur's kingdom. He was apparently given the name Emrys (or Ambrosius) at his birth in Caer-Fyrddin (Carmarthen). He only later became known as Merlin, a Latinized version of the Welsh word, Myrddin, taken from the place of his birth. Geoffrey of Monmouth is thought to have invented this form (as he did so much else),...

Find Another Essay On Robert de Boron's "Merlin"

Arthurian Legends Effects on English Society

2553 words - 10 pages achieved the vision of God through the Grail as fully as is possible in this life, whereas Sir Lancelot was impeded in his progress along the mystic way because of his adultery with Guinevere. Another branch of the Vulgate cycle was based on a very early 13th-century verse romance, the Merlin, by Robert de Boron, that had told of Arthur’s birth and childhood and his winning of the crown by drawing a magic sword (see Excalibur) from a stone. The

Geoffrey of Monmouth and the Norman Colonization of Wales

10105 words - 40 pages shall argue, supportive of this Norman expansion in Wales is a renaissance in the writing of history. Orderic Vitalis, Dudo of St Quentin, Henry of Huntington, Guillaume de Poitiers, and William of Malmesbury are but a few of the historians active in the eleventh and early twelfth centuries who together created a series of texts that celebrate Norman achievements and provide a discursive foundation for the Norman conquest of Britain. 4Although

Applying Postmodernism to Amelie

1952 words - 8 pages pastiche built of images taken from popular culture an film, “it references or evokes numerous other films, ranging from Marcel Carne’s Hôtel du Nord (1938) to Francois Truffaut’s Jules et Jim (1962), and it, therefore, images the past as a space of memory created through the cinema in much the same was as Le Pacte de Loups” (Oscherwitz, 80). Amelie does not only borrow styles from other genres, but we can also see that there is an influence of

Hemp vs. The World

2759 words - 11 pages effort, hemp could become the billion-dollar crop it was meant to be. Works Cited Clarke, Robert C, and Mark D. Merlin. Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013. Print. "Deforestation." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2013. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. Gieringer, Dale, Ph.D. "Working to Reform Marijuana Laws." NORML.org - Working to Reform Marijuana Laws

Counterculture during the 60's

2023 words - 8 pages government. Bibliography 1. Aniko Bodroghkozy, Grove Tube: Sixties Television and the Youth Rebellion (Durham: Duke University Press, 2001) 2. Charlie Gillett, The sound of the City: The Rise of Rock and Roll (New York: De Capo Press, 1970) 3. David Musto, Drugs in America: A Documentary History (New York: New York University Press, 2002) 4. Fischer Klaus, America in White, Black, and Gray (New York: Continuum, 2006) 5. Gary Taylor and Malcom

Advocacy of the Underprivileged: An Exegetical Study on Mich 6.1-8

8184 words - 33 pages Public Sector Units (PSUs) and several state controlled industries were created to provide employment and prosperity to the nation. After few decades of socialistic experiments, early 90s saw India entering into "Liberal Capitalistic" mode. As Robert Kuttner remarks, Markets accomplish much superbly. They offer consumers broad choices; they promote and reward innovation. They bring investors together and entrepreneurs. Markets force producers to

This is an essay about B&Q company's market environments in UK

6637 words - 27 pages Retail Group', available from http://www.homeretailgroup.com/home/about/abouthrg/Accessed 24/11/2006 at 05:52pm.Innovation Lab (2006), 'De 10 hotteste tendenser', Innovation Lab, available from http://www.innovationlab.dk/sw21943.asp. Accessed 03/12/2006 at 01:20am.Kaplan, Robert S. and Norton, David P. (October 2005) ´The office of strategy management´ Harvard Business Review, Sidebar R0510D_A, p. 1.Kingfisher (n.d.), 'Annual report 2006

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Similar Essays

Merlin And The Facts Of The Truth And Fiction

989 words - 4 pages the Merlin the Magician we know today.In some of Geoffrey's conceptions, Merlin is the son of a nun of royal birth, engendered by a demon. This half-human origin becomes, over time, the source of Merlin's prophetic powers. In Robert de Boron's old French verse Merlin; he plays a redemptive role as mediator between earthy chivalry and the heavenly plan of salvation. He also oversees the conception of Arthur, who in turn creates the symbolism of the

The Sword In The Stone Of The Arthurian Legend

1756 words - 7 pages to give his book some credibility. Therefore his work is considered to be literature not factual history. Geoffrey is the one responsible for the portrayal of Arthur as a great King who conquered the British Isles and much of Europe. Also introduced by Geoffrey is Queen Gwynevere, Merlin the Magician, information about Arthur’s strange birth and death, and the concept of chivalry. Due to Geoffrey’s books being so popular, Arthur’s like Robert Wace

The Maid Who Kept Her Faith Even To The Stake, A Comparison Of The Movie Joan Of Arc

1421 words - 6 pages house work and delivery of her child. While Joan was there, she convinced her uncle of her mission. He took her to see Robert de Baudricourt in Vaucouleurs" (Frohlick Review 6).         When she arrived at her destination, she requested that Robert de Baudricourt send her to Chinon so that she may speak to the Dauphin. Her voices told her to dress in men's clothing. Robert did not honor her request, and instead laughed at her and sent her

It Is About King Arthur And Some History

1901 words - 8 pages and King Arthur followed but was broken off when the latter had to return to Britain to deal with Sir Mordred's rebellion. (5-n.p)The Holy Grail is generally considered to be the cup from which Christ drank at the Last Supper and the one used by Joseph of Arimathea to catch his blood as he hung on the cross. This was introduced into the Arthurian legends by Robert de Boron in his romance Joseph d'Arimathie, which was probably written in the last