Robert (Bob) Nesta Marley
Robert Nesta Marley was born Feb 6, 1945 in the small village Nine Miles, St. Ann Jamaica. He was raised by his mother, an eighteen-year-old black Jamaican native name Cedella Booker. His father, Captain Norval Marley, was a 50-year-old white quartermaster attached to the British West Indian Regiment. Although Captain Marley never saw his family, and was often criticized and ridiculed because of it, he financially supported Cedella and Bob.
Bob biracial ethnicity caused him to grow up feeling like an outcast in Jamaica. It was hard for him to associate and fit in with the community because of this lighter skin and absent father which he was always getting teased about. In 1955, when Bob Marley was only 10, his father Norvel died from a heart attack. Bob and his mom then moved to Kingston, Jamaica and settled into a town called Trench town which were one of the slums in Jamaica. At the age of 14 he quit school to pursue his dream and ambition for music.
Bob then became one of the world first reggae singers, and since his music was great, he was able to relay his ultimate message of peace and equality through his music. Gathering many fans and followers of peace, Bob Marley used his popularity and momentum to shift his efforts from writing about peace to actually acting on peace. He became a political voice for the oppressed youth of Jamaica.
I chose Robert Nesta Marley because I believe he clearly demonstrates 3 out of the 4 elements of civic engagement. Throughout his short life as a musician and a strong political voice for the youth of Jamaica, Bob Marley has shown significant examples of Association, Serving, and Leadership.
On page 3 of the CER, the book explains the association is a necessary element of being human, “we are born out of, and born into association. We learn and grown by living in relation to others because our natural habitat is society.”
Bob Marley could be associated to many groups, but felt like an outcast for most of his life. First and foremost he was colored male from Jamaica growing up in the 50’s. In the 50’s oppression under the UK rule devastated and demoralized the ethnic youth of Jamaica, it wasn’t until august 6, 1962 that Jamaica gained its independence from Great Brittan. Bob was of mixed ethnicity, 50% white and 50%black which were a small minority in Jamaica and received equal oppression and scrutiny from both sides. Having this mix ethnicity made it extremely difficult to associate with either side, so bob took pride in “belonging to both side and claiming neither.” Once he devoted his life to his musical passion, he became one of the first groups to create and sing the genre of music originating out of Jamaica called reggae. The...