Robert Rauschenberg Essay

2411 words - 10 pages

Case Study - Robert RauschenbergAngus Gregg -He was possibly one of the most influential and pivotal artists of the 20th century. His work, perhaps more than any other artist of his time, holds a mirror up to our culture and at the time opened up a whole new world of art, and pushed the strict boundaries of what modern art could beRobert Rauschenberg was born in 1925 in Texas, America. A painter, sculptor, performer and composer he was very talented in many artistic forms and he left a lasting legacy in the art world when he died in 2008. His style was very different to previous movements pushing the boundaries of the current styles. His works were radically different causing to the critics distaste and shock. Eventually he provided other artists to expand their own styles and beliefs in the future using his style as a basis. By influencing and providing the beginning of Pop Art and Neo-Dada by using everyday objects, assemblage and collage which artists later expanded upon his work was widely regarded internationally and his name has now become world famous.Rauschenberg's works mainly featured techniques and mediums like mix media and collage as well as silk screen printing the likes of which had never been seen before. Many of his works also feature his 'combine' technique, a style of art in which Rauschenberg pieced together a work using 'found' everyday objects such as newspaper pictures and photos. These were printed colourfully on canvases or boards using mediums like house paint and were placed next to other found object such as street signs and scrap pieces of metal. Paint was also applied radically sometimes being smeared with equipment like car tires.Rauschenberg has a complex life right through his career and before and after. He was born Milton Ernest Rauschenberg on October 22nd, 1925. He was born into a strict Christian family who aspired Rauschenberg to be a minister, Rauschenberg gave this career up because the church prohibited dancing and Rauschenberg loved to dance. His parents then advised him to study pharmacy at the University of Texas in 1942, he was only there briefly and was soon expelled because he refused to dissect a frog. Rauschenberg was soon compelled by some friends to study art, through 1947 to 1948 he studied at some world famous American art schools, Kansas City Art Institute and Black Mountain College. Along with visual arts he also studied art history, drama and music. During his study he worked odd jobs, creating window displays, executing film sets, and designing photographic studio sets. In 1948 he travelled to France and attended the Académie Julian in Paris. While studying he met Susan Weil, who was later to become his wife. He later returned to the USA to study under Joseph Albers at the Black Mountain College.Robert Rauschenberg was a predominant figure in the transition phase from Abstract Expressionism to later movements such as Pop Art. Bing in transition of two styles meant that he had many...

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