This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Robinson Crusoe, Gulliver’s Travels And The Painting Gin Lane By William Hogarth

1216 words - 5 pages

How are the central ideas of the Enlightenment era reflected in the Robinson Crusoe, Gulliver’s travel and the painting Gin Lane by William Hogarth? I will additionally focus more on the Robinson Crusoe, because it could be argued that Robinson Crusoe is based on René Descartes works, the father of modern philosophy. In order to answer the thesis we need to understand the central ideas in the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment era introduced a new way of thinking, on the contrary to earlier, where God was the centre of the universe and deep-rooted traditions ruled; now the ideas suggested that the understanding of reality should be founded on reason and rational research. Ideals of freedom and ...view middle of the document...

The fourth rule was to make numerations so complete, and reviews so general in order to be sure nothing omitted. All of these rules are reflected in the Robinson Crusoe, which is a novel published in 1719 by Daniel Defoe.
Robinson Crusoe is required to do a lot of thinking in order to survive in the deserted island. By the reason of his solitary, Crusoe does not have a companion for a long period on the island, and he thus has no one to discuss with in regards to his survival methods. Hence, he must think to survive, taking Descartes’ quote to a literal sense. If Crusoe does not think, he would not exist because he would not survive.
Isolated from civilization and society, Crusoe is given more time to himself to think about human nature and his thoughts about religion, two other ideas involved with the Enlightenment era. Although Crusoe talks more about spirituality in the second page of the short excerpt, the previous page speaks almost nothing about God or religion, and most of his thoughts surround reasoning, rather than praying or thinking about God. Even after Crusoe “discovers” his faith, he still relies on his skills and knowledge, rather than on his religion.
Another instance of Enlightenment in Robinson Crusoe is the relationship between Crusoe and Friday. As we discussed in class, the relationship between the two men started off as a relationship between a slave and his master, although soon evolved into more of a loyal friendship as Crusoe realized Friday’s intellectual capacity and became grateful for human contact. This is one of the themes of the Enlightenment: that people, think, so they are considered human. Instead of Crusoe considering Friday less than human by being his slave, Friday demonstrated his intellectual capacity and therefore proved himself more of a companion, or human, to Crusoe.
Correspondingly, Gulliver’s Travels is a text about a man who is stranded on a deserted island. Even though companionless was not implied in the Gulliver’s Travels, there were rather different groups of creatures that led to creating a negative image of human nature. Gulliver’s Travels is a parody of a travel journal written satirically. In that particular period, people were on voyages more often exploring new lands and islands, simultaneously writing travel journals. However, not everybody could afford to travel, therefore the people above average wealth shared their travel journals to the rest of people.
Many people believe that the voyage to the Houyhnhnms is about human nature itself, arguing that reason is one quality, when properly developed, can elevate man to his ultimate potential. Ironically, the horse-like Houyhnhnms possess this development of...

Find Another Essay On Robinson Crusoe, Gulliver’s Travels and the Painting Gin Lane by William Hogarth

Greed in King Lear, by William Shakespeare, and Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel Defoe

868 words - 3 pages The play, The Tragedy Of King Lear, by William Shakespeare, and the story, Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel Defoe, are very different in various ways, from the way the story was told to how the story was set. Despite how different the stories are there was one connection that particularly stood out to me, being the greed shared by most of the main characters in both stories. Goneril, Regan, and Edmund in King Lear and Robinson Crusoe in his own story

The Satire and Criticism in Gulliver’s Travels

2104 words - 8 pages , Gulliver's Travels (Jonathan Swift, 1726), Robinson Crusoe (Daniel Defoe, 1719), and Pamela (Samuel Richardson, 1740). And British novels in 18th century have the following features:Describing the reality of social life, and think the social morality.Concentration on human nature, the mental life and the life value of human.Part II Introduction2.1 Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift (1667-1745) is a representative satiric novelist in the 18th century

Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift

1561 words - 6 pages Lilliputians, naturally, follow their leader’s example and show a lack of reverence for an actual giant. This arrogant conduction conveyed by a diminutive civilization gives them the semblance of a depraved society. The novel as a whole exposes the iniquity that results from arrogance and pride. In Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, the evils of politics, deceit, and pride are all displayed as a satire to humanity’s flaws. Through these three

Servantship in Robinson Crusoe and The Tempest

1990 words - 8 pages Literature has always been a source of exploring the world and the history of mankind. In Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and William Shakespeare’s The Tempest, both authors use the concept of slavery, race and class. In Defoe’s story, the relationship between Crusoe and his slave, Friday, is one of mutual respect and trust. In the second selection by Shakespeare, the master-slave relationship is one that is characterized by force, violence and

Rousseau and Robinson Crusoe

691 words - 3 pages should rather be discovered by children then teaching them . From this point on, a real connection between Rousseau and Crusoe could be made. Robinson is model for self-sufficeiencey and preservation which are important element of life. For both, Crusoe and Rousseau the main concern is survival and preservation. Rousseau sees civilization as corrupt. Both believe that living without government is the best form of hormony. Robinson Crusoe is written

Satire in the Book Gulliver’s Travels and The Movie Airplane

2172 words - 9 pages book, Gulliver’s Travels, and the movie, Airplane, by Jerry Zucker, David Zucker, and Jim Abrahams. These satirical works most commonly targeted subjects from a range of areas such as present day social issues all the way to politics. Starting out, Swift was a man who used satire to convey his contempt for the human race. One of his most famous works conveyed this hatred and anger towards the human race. Such satire was expressed in his novel

The Artwork of William Hogarth

2316 words - 9 pages The Artwork of William Hogarth The artwork of William Hogarth is influenced greatly by social factors and the culture of eighteenth century England. In many of his works, Hogarth satirizes English society, rich and poor alike. His paintings and engravings depict the society of which he lived, with the costumes and ways of life of the times all shown in his work. Much of the time he is being satirical, exaggerating some of the faults of the

Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel Defoe

840 words - 3 pages Robinson Crusoe This book report is on the story Robinson Crusoe. The book was written by Daniel Defoe. The genre of the story is adventure fiction. The book has a total of 266 pages. Robinson Crusoe, the main protagonist in the story, was born in 1632 in the city of York. He was the third son of a German merchant, and was taught very early in his life to be a man of law. Despite this, all that Robinson wanted to do was go to sea. Robinson

Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe

742 words - 3 pages While the book, Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe, is exciting and enjoyable to read during a raining day, there are a few peculiarities that spring into mind when reading the book. These peculiarities cast doubt on the reality of the book and a question comes to mind; could this have really happened? Some say that, because of the in-depth descriptions in the book, that it is a true account. However, Swiss Family Robinson, a story of a

The Art of William Hogarth

1443 words - 6 pages William Hogarth , an English painter whose use of satire condemned the traditions and daily routine of the aristocracy , deriving his muse as a sequential artist through his beloved father Richard Hogarth whose occupation as a Latin school teacher(this era is beginning to abandon the neoclassical representation of figures more emphasizing aspects of dimension or symmetry, displaying symbolic elements of the era but not reestablishing the

Order and Disorder in "Robinson Crusoe" by Daniel Defoe

2561 words - 10 pages that so far from being happy, the isolated natural man lived in constant fear of death. This is very true in the case of Robinson Crusoe, the entire time he is on the island his decisions are driven by his fears and in some cases his lust for power. It also depicts a man's journey of Christianity and how his faith gives him a sense of power which he pushes upon othersAt the beginning, Robinson Crusoe constantly hesitate as to whether or not he

Similar Essays

Beer Street And Gin Lane, By William Hogarth

1717 words - 7 pages In the eighteenth century etchings entitled “Beer street and Gin lane",are two prints of English satirist William Hogarth where he supported the drinking beer in comparison to the consumption of gin.These prints were designed side by side so that the viewers see drinking beer as less intoxicating than the evil side effects of gin drinking.At the same time this "Gin lane" a companion of the other printing increased public awareness for

Comparing Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe And Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels

1459 words - 6 pages In both Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, the main characters suddenly find themselves in radically different environments than what they are used to. Robinson Crusoe finds himself shipwrecked on an uninhabited island, and Gulliver is forced onto a strange island by his wayward crew. The endings of these stories could not be more different from each other. Gulliver is tragically unable to transition back

Exploration Of Values In Robinson Crusoe, Odyssey, Tempest And Gulliver’s Travels

1053 words - 4 pages Exploration of Values in Robinson Crusoe, The Odyssey, The Tempest and Gulliver’s Travels In the novels and epics of Robinson Crusoe, The Odyssey, The Tempest and Gulliver’s Travels the reader encounters an adventurer who ends up on an island for many years and then returns back home.  These four stories have another point in common: they are all unusually popular.  There is something very appealing to the popular imagination about such

Comparison Of The Transformation Of Characters In Gullivers Travels And Robinson Crusoe

1420 words - 6 pages The Transformation of Characters in Gullivers Travels and Robinson Crusoe  The characters in Gullivers Travels and Robinson Crusoe are portrayed as resembling trained soldiers, being capable of clear thought during tense and troubled times. This quality possessed within Robinson Crusoe and Gulliver is a result of the author's background and knowledge. Daniel Defoe was knowledgeable and proficient in seamanship, he understood the workings