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Rock And Roll Of The 50's

1083 words - 4 pages

During the late 1930s, the young saw their fathers and brothers enrobed in uniforms and disappeared to places far away while their mothers left the primacy of home to fill the void in the work force created by Dad's departure. After the bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the fathers and brothers returned home around 1945. Society became more advance and people were anxious to build homes and raise families in the world to which they had given so dearly to make free. The products of these desires began to come of age in the mid-to-late 1950s and with them came the glorious roar of rock & roll.During the early 1950s the music of black rhythm-and-blues artists became known as rock and roll. But white musicians, such as Bill Haley and Elvis Presley, brought rock music to the American mainstream. The 1955 release of Rock Around the Clock by Bill Haley and the Comets met with resounding success, especially among teenagers. Rock and roll emerged at a time when the phonograph disc had finally replaced sheet music as the chief medium of circulation of popular music in the United States. It is often considered to have begun in 1955, when in the week beginning 29 June Rock Around The Clock by Bill Haley and the Comets was judged by Billboard magazine to be the most popular recording in the United States on the basis of sales and radio play. The term Rock and roll was claimed to have coined by a disc jockey named Alan Freed in 1951. Rock and roll of the mid 1950s evolved from the rhythm and blues of a few years earlier.From the unique synthesis of musical traditions of the United States rock and roll began as an American phenomenon and grew to international proportions. Of the several traditions that led to the development of rock music, the most important were the blues and its related style, rhythm & blues, such country music styles as western swing and honky tonk, and pop vocal and instrumental styles of the 1940s. The very phrase rock and roll was a slang expression for lovemaking used in many blues songs dating back to the 1930s. Depending on the regional and musical backgrounds of the performers, early rock music tended to emphasize one or another of those styles while at the same time, incorporating characteristics of one or more of the others.The development of rock music required a certain amount of interracial communication and understanding as the music combined stylistic elements from both black and white American musical traditions. Racial barriers that had existed since black people were first brought to the new world as slaves began to wear away in the late 1940s when white teenagers listened and danced to rhythm and blues. At first, many white radio stations and record company owners resisted making music by black performers widely available, but by 1951 the smooth rhythmic sounds of black vocal groups reached white teens through radio programs hosted by disc jockeys who refused to continue the racial discrimination. Car...

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