Rogue States Essay

2498 words - 10 pages

(this essay is NOT as long as it seems - much of the word count is the 30 works cited)

Statement of the problem
Rogue state is a controversial term applied by some international theorists to states they consider threatening to the world's peace. This means meeting certain criteria, such as being ruled by authoritarian regimes that severely restrict human rights, sponsor terrorism, and seek to proliferate weapons of mass destructions Rogue states have been applied to a number of nations, often under the control of authoritarian regimes suspected of promoting terrorism, proliferation of unconventional weapons, or both. Nation States such as Cuba, Iran, Sudan, Syria, Pakistan and North Korea currently are considered “Rogue States” and pose as a dangerous threat to the United States and International security. International Security consists of the measures taken by nations and international organizations, such as the United Nations, to ensure mutual survival and safety . These measures include military action and diplomatic agreements such as treaties and conventions. In International Relations, it has been established that there are a set system in place that govern what and how states act. The decisions that these states make are based solely on the premise or personal power and international respect. The general consensus in international relations is that in a world plagued with the fear of nuclear annihilation states act accordingly, simply put the states in question choose to deter and with this deterrence, maintain their international stance. The problem however as it relates to Rogue States in International Relations is there are selective states which choose to be “rogue” and challenge the hegemonic. For the U.S. government, Pakistan and North Korea represent the greatest potential “rogue” threats. The Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea (DPRK) has proven it possesses nuclear weapons, and Iran is suspected of developing a nuclear arms program under the guise of an energy production effort. Diplomatic efforts have failed to freeze these nuclear development efforts. These programs pose a threat to international security. They also have the potential to ignite regional nuclear arms races as neighboring countries seek to safeguard themselves. What many scholars and theorists of International Security lack is empirical evidence to such questions: Of what significance are Rogue States to International Security? Do Rogue States constitute serious threat to International Security?

Theory
In international relations I take the stance of a realist. Realists believe that mankind is not inherently benevolent but rather self-centered and competitive. Therefore States in international relations are archaic and it becomes a game of the survival of the fittest. In order for one to understand rogue states in International Security one must first recognize and have an understanding of the two main theories in international relations: Realism...

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