For hundreds of years, Western Civilization has flourished and become very dominate with stable and powerful nations. Reasons why the Western Civilization have become such great nations has been much attributed to the great role model, ancient Greeks for their many contributions, such as architecture, fine arts, education, philosophy, and mostly for their form of democracy and ways of government.
The architecture and fine arts in ancient Greece had proved to be beyond its time. The Greeks talent for architecture and art was and still is irresistible to many artist of today. The spread of this talent moved from the Greeks throughout Europe, especially Ancient Rome and all the way to present day United States.
The Greek people were very dedicated to their Gods, such as Zeus, Athena, and Apollo. Being so loyal and dedicated many artist and architects created many statues and temples in honor of them. After the Persian Wars, Greek architects were set to rebuild Greek from all the destruction made by the Persians. This era was known as the Classical Age. The architects were out to make a statement, while creating temples and buildings out of marble and limestone that were breathtaking they also did this to show others the countries’ power and dominance. “In effect, these structures were nothing less than a political statement.” (Sherman & Salisbury, 61)
In 600 B.C.E. the Greeks had developed three orders of architecture to describe the various designs of the column. The three orders were Greek Doric, Greek Ionic, and Greek Corinthian. (Sherman & Salisbury, 60) The Greek Doric is the oldest form of the orders and is also a very sturdy column. The top of the Greek Doric also known as the capital are plain on top. This style of column was found in mainland Greece. (Crandall-Bear, VESG/VE C, Unit 1) A great example of a Greek Doric in the United States is the Justice Hall in New York City, New York. (Wesley) The second of the orders is the Greek Ionic. The Greek Ionic is a more slender thinner design created in Ionia. The capital of the Greek Ionic has a scroll looking design. This design was found in eastern Greece and the islands. An example of the Greek Ionic in the United States is the United States Treasury. (Wesley) The last of the orders is the Greek Corinthian. This column was later designed, but has a very unique capital with acanthus-leaf. The Greek Corinthian was more often seen in Roman temples. Another place that displays the Greek Corinthian is the Capital Building in Washington D.C. (Wesley) “As they design the building, architects drew from the best of Greek tradition to make a political as well as an artistic statement.” (Sherman & Salisbury, 60) Not only were the architects amazing at building beautiful temples, they also created amphitheatres, such as the Dodoni Ancient Greek Theatre.
The Classical Age was not only a change for architecture, but it was also a change for the statues of Greek as well. ...