Environment has a big impact in the development of personality. One of those is the home or the family. Home or the family has a big influence in personality development because throughout the childhood until adolescence, growing with family is establishing the foundation of a future personality. The family teaches a lot of things in the individual, such as writing, or reading. Home, where the children practice their social skills by communicating with the members of the family and how they respond with the children.
School also affect the personality of the individual because there’s a lot of different kind of persons with different personalities that an individual can meet in school. School with different activities for the students can shape their personality for the future; they will likely become confident with themselves. In contrast, negative background in school will also affect the personality negatively.
The culture can somehow influence the personality development. The culture influence the way an individual grows up. Margaret Mead, an anthropologist who studied the effect of culture in personality, established an experiment. Mead studied the two tribes in Papua New Guinea. The two tribes shared the same race but they have different culture. The one tribe is more matriarchal (a woman who rules clan, or tribe) and pacifist society, and the other is a patriarchal and violent society. Mead observed the differences of the two tribes and she also compared the tribe’s culture to other culture that she already studied. The tribe with matriarchal governance, the female is more dominant, impersonal, and managerial and the male are less responsible and more emotionally dependent. In contrast, in tribe with patriarchal governance, both female and male are violent and aggressive; they seek for power and position.
In the experiment of Margaret Mead, the tribe with matriarchal governance, because they have a female leader, the males in the tribe affect their belief about the equality of females and males; they were likely depending on women because their tribe itself has a female leader. While in tribe with patriarch governance, both female and male are striving for superiority because their tribe itself has a violent society and both female and male have a chance to be the leader.