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Role Of Higher Education In Rural Development

1732 words - 7 pages

Role of higher education inrural developmentKamlesh Kumar PatelResearch Scholar MGCGV ChitrakootAbstractThe real India live in villages. As more than half of the population of the countrylives in villages, rural development is an eminent factor for the development of oureconomy. The crucial motivating factor for the development of the economy intoday's time is education. Like in the body of human being liver is responsible forthe proper functioning of the body, in the same way education acts a backbone forthe economy. To explore this significant role of higher education in Indiaespecially in rural India. Higher education is the backbone of the modern society.It has the power to transform human beings into human resources. Along withprimary and secondary education, higher education is also an instrument to buildfuture generation. In India majority of the higher educational institutions are urbancentric. Even most of the higher educational institutions in rural India lack quality.As a result of that rural population are deprived. Under certain circumstances it isseen that gross enrolment ratio is very poor in these rural areas. The situation iseven worse for female population in regard to gross enrolment ratio. Thepaper highlights all these key issues and tries to find out the problems that the ruralpopulation is suffering in regard to education. Along with that the paper tries tofind out possible remedies to overcome those barriers.IntroductionEducation is one of the most powerful instrument for reducing poverty andinequality of society. Education is the key to enhance India's competitiveness inthe global economy. Therefore ensuring access to quality education for all, inparticular for the poor and rural population, is central to the economic and socialdevelopment. The rapid expansion of higher education system has brought severalpertinent issues related to the standards of its quality and equal availability ofhigher education facilities to all the categories of people of the society. India is acountry with severe economic and social inequalities. In India a large number ofpopulations fall under middle class family and lower middle class families. At thesame time lower economy class families also exist in large numbers. Now, when alarge number of families and their youth are struggling hard to fulfill their basicneeds, they naturally have to compromise with the higher education specially theyouth of rural and remote areas. Apart from this poor communication &transportation system of the rural areas also hinders equal access of highereducation.The most important problem in the higher education system in India isthe lack of quality of the institutions in rural areas. The quantitative expansion isnot adequate. The inequalities institutions of higher education located in rural andsocio-economic backward areas are lacking in the implementation of best practicesin higher education and quality. Most of the students are the first generationlearners of...

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