This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Role Of Politics In Public Transport Planning And Investment.

1491 words - 6 pages

Public transport has a range of opportunities both in revenue and sustainability; however, politics is an ever-changing dynamic system making planning, investments and implementation of public transport facilities difficult to fully apply. Public transport is available to the general public as a shared means of transportation. In the age of diminishing oil reserves and an expanding population, Governments are faced with a demand for improvements in public transport as the cost to travel privately rises. This essay will critically review literature regarding the positive and negative roles of politics in public transport planning and investment. This will include decision making and processes regarding the public and government decision making; funding and public support with the use of the cost-benefit analysis. The last part will look at Auckland to determine whether the role of politics promotes or obstructs public transport planning.
Western cities have several complex issues with public transport planning, investment and implementation. Prior to the establishment of the automobile people relied heavily on public transport services, but the rise of the automobile has created heavily motor-dependent societies. In 2006 there were over 500 million motor vehicles in use globally, and since the 1960’s the number of motor vehicles increased faster than the global population (Jakob & Craig & Fisher, 2006). Private transport affordability caused the decline in public transport use and mass increases in private road use, transportation globally makes up 75% of carbon emissions (Jakob et.al., 2006). There has been a change in thinking since the 1990’s; where Government goals were facilitating the predicted growth to traffic, to current thinking; trying to implement new environmentally friendly modes of transport over the car combined with land-use planning (Næss, 2006) . The government is the main source of funding for public transport planning. As Kiggundu (2009) discusses, most major cities across the world are finding massive challenges in financing their public transport systems. Increasing carbon emissions and depleting oil presents the need and encouragement for Governments and councils to introduce legislation and systems concerning public transport. However this may not always be simple or effective. It is at that point that the role of politics can be seen and start to be discussed critically.
Ownership and structure of the transport system influence the nature and cost of services. Globally there is often a public-private trend. To obtain a cohesive transport system within a country a single authority would need to be in charge of all service which can be seen in many cities. This is one positive of having a single government body running all transport systems, the cohesive effect. There is one negative effect that can however arise from having only one agency, a large agency will form which leads to issues in management as efficiency will be...

Find Another Essay On Role of politics in public transport planning and investment.

Role of Investment banker Essay

1490 words - 6 pages The Role of Investment BankersInvestment bankers play a significant role in the economic life of a country. These institutions promote investment opportunities and cause high level funds float in the market. There are more chances of economic growth to large extent. Investment bankers provide chances of earning to investors as well as general public. The dynamic competition among broker-dealers is most apparent in investment banking. Market

Urban Transport: Traffic and Transportation Planning

1263 words - 6 pages AIM AND OBJECTIVES The aim of the project is to design and develop a novel web based application that can dynamically recommend the best route and estimate the travel time for urban transport. The objectives of the project are the following: 1) To utilize the real-time data being generated and captured from the GPS installed in MTC buses on selected routes in the city. 2) To analyse this data and to make inferences on the traffic scenario

Role of Foreign Direct Investment, Aviation and Foreign Policy in India

2549 words - 11 pages , which supports this argument. Chenery and Strout (1966) state that foreign assistance was the striking force for the rapid and sustained growth by countries like Greece, Israel, Taiwan and the Philippines during 1950s. In each case, a substantial increase in investment is financed largely by foreign grants and loans, which has led to rapid growth of GNP followed by a decline in the dependence on external financing. The role and impact of FDI on

The Role of Jews in American Politics

1744 words - 7 pages Senator Lieberman says in his introduction to Jews in American Politics, it is the practice of Jews to want to make the world a better place to “repair the world” in Hebrew, “Tikkun Olam” (Maisel and Forman XXII) In the history of the United States before the New Deal was created by Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the “the Jewish community was politically weak and its role in American society precarious. During the Roosevelt era, however, the

Investment Evaluation of a Suburban Coastal Transport System

3269 words - 13 pages to its users like door to door services, flexibility and speed. City ofAthens disposes a road system as the main one satisfying the transport demand to andfrom the suburban areas.The best economic solution for an investment of this kind is determined as the one thatmaximises the profit of the investor, under the constraints that the current transportsystem sets. In this context, in order to format the constrains of the system, a marketanalysis

Role of information technology in investment services industry

1955 words - 8 pages INTRODUCTIONInnovative use of technology is essential for the investment services industry. Technology advances improve efficiency and effectiveness in front and back-office operations while reducing costs. In this paper I will begin by showing how technology has impacted the securities markets. Then I will show how technology has impacted all aspects of the investment process from order management to trade execution, settlement instruction

Role of Public Service Broadcasting in Democracy

2936 words - 12 pages believed that democracy [as a pro-public system] and politics [as the mechanism of regulation making] were inseparable things. Therefore, in his point of view, Hartley’s idea of semiotic democracy which overstated public’s autonomy and disregarded the role of government in public’s life was inappropriate. Furthermore, unlike Hartley and Jacka who boosted the role of media and neglected the role of public sphere played to enhance democracy

Discuss politics in Macbrigth article (destruction of public sphere)

1666 words - 7 pages political animal", in other words, it is a primal instinct of man. Therefore, in his statement, Aristotle concludes politics is not a dreamt up concept, but rather an inherent feature of mankind. Argument, in our lives and about the way that we live them is a fundamental part of our sociological make-up.The history of the formation of the public sphere is a history of democracy. It converges with the history of bourgeois society and its means of

The Use of Polls to Analyze Public Opinion in Politics

1583 words - 6 pages The Use of Polls to Analyze Public Opinion in Politics Public opinion is defined in the text as “the distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy issues” (Edwards, Wattenberg, and Lineberry 150). On paper, it sounds so simple; in reality it is much more difficult to determine. The most common method for ascertaining and consolidating public opinion has been through the widespread use of polls. Their popularity has

Anaysis of Articles Regarding Public Policy, Legislation and Politics

807 words - 4 pages Article Summary American (and other Western) democratic political theory: Legitimizes decisions made through elective and legislative processes. Places a high value on participation and representation. Fears the “king” or, in modern terms, authoritarianism. Rejects transfer of decisions (often called “discretion” in public administration literature) to administrators.  Basic Issue, Part 1  Are the servants of the public to decide their own

Discuss the role of Islam in the politics of Pakistan

2613 words - 10 pages (1999, Internet source), in Pakistan, women's access to health and education is extremely inadequate. Their levels of political and economic involvement are very low as a result. The literacy rate for women in Pakistan is only 25%, and the maternal mortality rate is an alarmingly high 600 out of every 100,000 births. Women make up just 28% of Pakistan's labour force. Their insignificant role in politics and public life is reflected in the amount

Similar Essays

Relationship Between Politics And Transport Planning

2267 words - 10 pages Politics plays an important role in any aspect of planning, but none such more than transport planning and the investments and policies that go in to constructing the aspects associated. As with any discipline, politics plays both positive and negative roles in public transport planning, policies and investment; as it shapes decision-making and the degrees of financial support that is given to each project. Because politics brings both positive

Role Of Memory In Politics Essay

908 words - 4 pages Memory is such a powerful tool that provides intellectual strength and serves as a guidance to make wise decision. This can become a reference when facing an adversity. Just like the shield and armor, memory can be used as defense against ignorance and weapon to defeat mistakes of the past. In the book entitled “Machiavelli: Selected Political Writings,” edited and translated by David Wooton, Machiavelli placed a high value on the usage of

Public Transport And Private Car Essay

1058 words - 5 pages Public Transport and Private Car Most of cities that people live are sequentially growing, daily routine of many people are also adapted for surrounding in the present. A lot of people have to spend most of their time with travelling though long distances to get from one place to another for connecting their businesses or other purposes by transportation. Most people use public transportation such as BTS and MRT to go

The Important Role Of Lobbyists In Politics And Society

1017 words - 4 pages experienced on issues and politics so that the best decisions are able to be made. Though the intent of a voter is based off their own individual opinions, the same virtues may be found with lobbyists. Like previously mentioned, the lobbyist must be passionate in order to truly persuade. Because of the opportunity to manipulate and bribe politicians to their side, there are regulations to try to prevent corruption. Not being able to accept gifts or