Role Of Women In The Scientific Revolution

1891 words - 8 pages

Maria Sibylla Merian was an early biologist. She was the daughter of Matthäus Merian, a Swiss artist and publisher. Matthäus died when Maria was three, and her mother remarried Jacob Marrel, a painter, who taught and encouraged Maria in the arts. As a child, she loved to go with her stepfather to collect wildflowers and insects, but unlike her stepfather, Maria also liked to study the specimens. She published her first book of drawings of different species and different stages in their life cycle at age thirteen, and published five more in her lifetime. (Fisher) In 1691, Maria moved to Amsterdam, where she discovered that her works were famous there for their information on plants. She found that many wealthy families had exotic species that she had never seen before. Many of these families were more than willing to let her study their plants. This let Maria to become more and more curious about South American plants. (Epigenesys) When she was fifty-two, she went on a two-year ecological study in South America. Unfortunately, she contacted yellow fever and had to return early. Because Maria published her findings in picture form, she is remembered in history as an artist, not a scientist. (Fisher)
Margaret Cavendish was born in Colchester in 1623. Since she was a middle class woman, she did not receive an education in mathematics, English, history, philosophy, and sciences, but she read books on these subjects in the Oxford library. To avoid marriage, Margaret became a maid of honor for Queen Henrietta Maria, who was exiled to France one year later. (Cunning) Margaret stayed with the queen during her exile, and in France, met William Cavendish, an artist and scientist, who she married in 1645 (University of Nottingham). In 1653, Margaret published her first book, Natures Pictures Drawn by Fancies Pencil to the Life (Cunning). While Margaret continued to stay with the queen, she was introduced to “the Newcastle Circle”, a group of scientists including Thomas Hobbes, Rene Descartes and Pierre Gassendi. Although she did not participate in their discussions as many other women did, her scientific work took off after meeting them. Margaret published thirteen more books in her lifetime, but because she had never studied spelling and grammar, her works were full of errors, and were criticized on that point. Margaret found extremely creative ways to study science as a woman. She was not allowed to perform classical dissections, so she examined animals while preparing them for a meal. (Herder) In 1667, she received an invitation to attend the Royal Society, the first woman to receive one (Cunning). Unfortunately, her participation as seen as “flamboyant, masculine and ridiculous”, and women were not allowed to be full members of the Royal Society until 1945. When a member of the Royal Society questioned Margaret on why a woman should be allowed to participate in science, she replied “some women are wiser than men”. (Cook) ...

Find Another Essay On Role of Women in the Scientific Revolution

Breakthroughs in The Scientific Revolution Essay

865 words - 3 pages The Scientific Revolution was one of the most influential movements in history. It paved the way for modern scientific thought and a whole new way of thinking when it came to the state of nature and human nature itself. Leading off of the Scientific Revolution was the Enlightenment, where the scientific method held sway over not only science but philosophy. The motto of the Scientific Revolution, “knowledge is power,” describes the ever

Understanding the Scientific Revolution Essay

1959 words - 8 pages Understanding the Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution was a time of change and new thinking. Many innovators had new ideas about the earth and many other things, but most challenged the Church in thinking of these new concepts. This revolution was so important to the development of mankind that modern historians honor the phrase with initial capital letters. This change of thought took almost two centuries to become established in

The scientific revolution

1883 words - 8 pages I. Introduction A. The scientific revolution was a time when people changed the way they thought about things, this difference started a series of changes that still affect today’s world. The scientific revolution is more appealing when you examine the people who were involved and their achievements: it is also easier to notice how it applies to the world we live in today. II. Fueling the fire of the scientific revolution 1. How the

The Scientific Revolution.

1891 words - 8 pages The Scientific way of thinking which was developed in the late fifteenth century, was critical to the disintegration of the cohesive medieval view of the world prior to that (Perry, Chase, Jacob, Jacob & Von Laue 2000: 411). The beginning of the Scientific Revolution signified the new mechanical approach to nature, which enabled westerners to discover and explain the laws of nature through logic and experimentation. Although the scientific

The Scientific Revolution

1440 words - 6 pages The Scientific Revolution was born between the 16th and 17th century. This paved the way for the advancement of knowledge throughout the years in all areas of scientific endeavor. On the other hand, in the 1950’s a revolution broke out which contributed in progresses in human sciences. Due to these improvements, the human race began to value scientific theories. Theories are quite difficult to demonstrate that they are true beyond a reasonable

The Scientific Revolution

1046 words - 4 pages Scientific RevolutionSection 1: New Scientific Ideas- During the late 1500's and early 1600's, scholars and scientists increasingly realized the importance of experimentation and mathematics to scientific advances. This realization helped bring about a revolution in science.- The great Italian scientist Galileo stressed the need for carefully controlled experiments. In his research, Galileo used observation and mathematical analysis as he looked

The Scientific Revolution

1282 words - 5 pages In the centuries preceding the Scientific Revolution people attempted to understand natural phenomena through the lenses of doctrine and philosophical speculation. Scientists were content with to rely on a synthesis of Aristotelian framework and dogma in attempt to describe the world. During the Scientific Revolution scientists began to embrace empiricism as a way to better understand the intricacies of nature. Unlike today scientists during

The Scientific Revolution

1488 words - 6 pages The Scientific Revolution When comparing the views presented by both Aristotle and Copernicus, one must consider the circumstances under which these men lived to understand the differences. The most obvious of these is the time in history. Aristotle came almost 2000 years earlier in the astronomy field. While Copernicus had set out to glorify the great religion of his time, Aristotle's views came 200 years before Christ was even born

The Scientific Revolution

1140 words - 5 pages The Scientific Revolution A paradigm is one's world view in which one understands his place in it. Copernicus, Galileo, Vesalius, Linnaeus, Leuwenhoek, and Newton were all medieval scientists, whose work changed people's lives and the world. The way man viewed the universe in which he lived, the world of nature that surrounded him and even his own physical anatomy changed right before him. Scientists, like Galileo, disproved the

The Role Of Women in the Renaissance

1718 words - 7 pages civilization as it is known today. The era saw the birth of new attitudes concerning the role of man in his relationship to the world and to God. Unfortunately, for the most part, the expansion of the 'role of man' did not include the role of women. "Renaissance (from the French for "rebirth") is a term coined in the nineteenth century originally to denote the revival of art and letters under the influence of ancient Roman and Greek models

The Role of Women in the Church

1767 words - 7 pages With the advent of the feminist movement, the role of women inall parts of society has come under increasing scrutiny. One area ofrecent controversy is the role of women in the Christian Church. Somechurches whose traditions and practices are less rigidly tied toBiblical doctrines have begun placing women in leadership positionssuch as pastor or teacher. Other churches which interpret the Biblemore literally have been slow to adopt such changes

Similar Essays

Role Of Women In The Scientific Revolution

2243 words - 9 pages When most people think of the Scientific Revolution, they think of scientists such as Galileo, Newton, Brahe, and Boyle. However, many people do not even know about the many women who played a vital role in the scientific advancements of this period. Even when these women were alive, most of society either ignored them or publicly disapproved their unladylike behavior. Because of this, these women were often forgotten from history, and very

The Role Of Tools In The Scientific Revolution

1075 words - 4 pages of this paper that the Scientific Revolution, whereby the shift from a geocentric to heliocentric model, was necessitated by the tools and socio-cultural conventions developed in response to emerging intellectual thought. Before I can present my argument, I need to define the basis for which I call a tool. In the scope of this paper, a tool is referred to as certain principles and/or instruments which are used to heighten the basic level of

Ap European History Dbq: Women In The Scientific Revolution.

1104 words - 4 pages During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Scientific Revolution, which was the development of new sciences and technology, and The Age of Enlightenment, which was the so called "age of reason", had sparked women's participation in sciences. Ever since Europe was moving towards the modern world, women had been trying to change their social status from regular housework and staying at home to getting better jobs such as teaching and

The Role Of Women After The American Revolution

2455 words - 10 pages The American Revolution, which happened during the last half of the eighteenth century, reshaped many aspects of life in America. The desire of the Founding Fathers to make America a republic played a very significant part in changing the role of women after the Revolution. The role of women as wives became more important as an emphasis on virtue was established; women were encouraged to find virtuous husbands and utilize their seductive nature