Thomas Borstelmann scrutinizes the international extent of American cultural attitudes while skillfully demonstrating the remuneration of viewing domestic history in a universal framework. He brilliantly demonstrated the extensive impact of civil rights movements on domestic and international developments on the issue of race, which had a tremendous implication on U.S. foreign relations. His thorough understanding of American racial and cultural history makes him an exceptional authority on race relations of Presidents Harry S. Truman to George H. Bush.
Arguably, the struggle against racial prejudices and against apartheid in South Africa, was one of immense struggle, and had a tremendous impact on U.S. foreign relations with that country, and its colonial imperialism dominance. The Cold War was a period of great competition between the USSR and the USA, which created much anxiety for the U.S., after many of the colonial powers, surrendered their imperialist past in the Middle East and Africa. Borstelman argued that as a result, America hoped to contain the racial polarization in these countries by building the largest multiracial, anti-Communist coalition against the Soviet Union. (p.2).
Borstelman argued that American Cold Warriors tried to manage and control the efforts or racial reformers both domestically and internationally, by minimizing any provocation against white supremacy while encouraging gradual change. (p.2). He suggested that not all factions in the U.S. supported the need for racial harmony, and that even some prominent observers without a question show a total lack of concern on racial realities racing the U.S. and the new states. However, I beg to differ with Borstelman since one scholar Harold Isaacs, stressed the issue of race decades before about “the peculiar consonance that existed between the rise and fall of Western white power and the rise and fall of white racism in America.” (p.7).
Undeniably, race was not just an issue in the United States, for it existed harshly in South Africa and Rhodesia, white the under British rule nothing was done to create racial harmony, which carried on long after granting independence. The issue for the U.S. was therefore how to approach this issue, whilst at the same time trying to...