Roman Essay

888 words - 4 pages

Recomandări privind identificarea /sesizarea semnificaţiei / mesajului unei opera lirice1 Citeşte cu atenţie şi integral poezia.2. Identifică acele combinaţii neobişnuite de cuvinte şi încearcă să-ţi explici ce a vrut scriitorul să sugereze cu ajutorul lor.3.Identifică tema - despre ce e vorba, la modul general:Teme posibile:dragoste ( maternă, filială, faţă de o persoană de sex opus, împlinită, pierdută, trecută, dorită, visată, imposibilă, posibilă aşteptată etc); natură (terestră -regnul vegetal, animal, mineral-, cosmică, impunătoare, calmă, dezlănţuită, prietenoasă, rece, potrivnică omului, ciudată, familiară, intimă, plină de viaţă, pustiită etc.); trecerea timpului ( bătrîneţe, copilăria care a trecut,) creaţia ( poet şi poezie, forţa sau slăbiciunea cuvintelor, inspiraţia, izolarea poetului/ scriitorului în sfera ideilor, religie ( relaţia omului cu Dumnezeu ), istorie, viaţa socială; viaţa micilor vieţuitoare; bucuria jocului;.Tema se identifică prin recunoaşterea câmpurilor lexicale dominante: dacă întâlnim foarte multe cuvinte din câmpul lexical al naturii este probabil că va fi vorba despre o descriere de natură, prin care poetul îşi exprimă o stare sufletească prilejuită de contemplarea unui peisaj.De multe ori însă apariţia unor elemente de natură urmăreşte sugerarea unor idei care depăşesc simpla descriere. Peisajele, natura, pot deveni simple pretexte pentru a vorbi despre iubire, creaţie, relaţia omului cu timpul, cu istoria etc. Nu este lipsit de importanţă nici raportul care se stabileşte între universul uman şi cel al naturii : absenţa / prezenţa omului în peisaj.În poezie pot apărea mai multe câmpuri lexicale; observaţi relaţiile care se stabilesc între ele: opoziţii / echivalenţe/ intersectii. Posibile opoziţii : mişcare / nemişcare ; ardoarea trăirii / încremenire etc.Indicii:repetiţiile ;cuvintele cheie;titlul poeziei;începutul şi sfârşitul ei;folosirea unor cuvinte cu valoare de simbolNu trebuie să uitaţi că în literatură, şi mai ales în poezie, cuvintele nu sunt folosite cu sensul lor propriu; intrând în combinaţii cu alte cuvinte, ele pot exprimă altceva.4.Stabileşte care este atitudinea poetului faţă de tema prezentată: admiraţie, tristeţe, neîncredere, ironie, sarcasm, tandreţe, respingere, stisfacţie surprindere faţă de afirmaţia...

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