The Greek and Roman empires were so successful for many reasons. But one of the main reasons was their military powers. Many people think that the military is brutal and has alot of big guns, but its deeper than that. They require advanced weapons, superior strategy, and finally they need leaders to come up with these things. The Greeks came up with these, and then the Romans built upon the Greeks knowledge and fine combed it.
First came the advanced weapons, the Greeks didn't have very many weapons but the ones that they did have were very powerful. Take their spears for example, they were very sturdy and sharp. And because they knew how to use them they succeeded in many of their battles. The Romans on the other hand had quite a variety of weapons. They had short swords, spears, giant darts, bows and flawless armor. This made them quite the force to be reckoned with, and anyone that stood in their way was crushed. The Greeks were very famous for their navy while the Romans didn't really have one. Most of the ancient navy's were made up of giant ships that would ram and then sink each other. But the Romans preferred hand to hand combat so they used swords more than they did spears. The Greeks had more of a frontal attack with large shields that protected them while they stabbed. Greek Armor was very weak, so they wore very little if they wore any at all. But Roman Armor had to be impeccable at all times according to Philopoemen. “Bright armour inspired dismay in the enemy” pg.6.
In order to have any chance at winning any kind of war you need some kind of strategy.
Greeks and Romans are famous for the strategy's that they used. The Greeks main strategy was called the Phanlax. They basically have a rectangle of troops and each one of them has a spear and a shield. The front line locks shields and puts their spears on top of them. Then they charge the enemy and cause confusion because the enemy cant hurt them because of the shields. By then the enemy is basically defeated because they cant get back into order and then they are crushed. But this is only really effective for a frontal assault for a couple of reasons. The first is that there is no protection on the sides, all of it is put on the front so this makes the flanks and rear very vulnerable. The second is that if they did get attacked from the side there would just be utter chaos. This would be because the spears are to long to just swing around and face the enemy so they would have to be tossed aside and then they would have to use their swords. Swords are strictly a secondary weapon in the Greek strategy so they...