Roman And Spartan Warriors Essay

1917 words - 8 pages

Introduction
Ancient Greece, Sparta especially, and Ancient Rome were best known for their military tactics and strategies. In the Greek city-state Sparta, military went as far as making every male citizen a hoplite, warriors of Ancient Greece, and go through a mandatory training program, agoge, or put through public humiliation (Park and Love). It is impossible to say that both Rome and Sparta neglected the idea of implementing warfare into their daily lives.
Ancient Sparta was the head of the Greek military, at one point the only Greek military. Genius tactics at the time led Sparta to become famous throughout the Mediterranean region as the strongest military force. The hoplites were known for their round shield and carried long spears with short swords (Sidebottom). During times of war, a military formation known as the phalanx, in which was essentially warriors standing in a box formation supporting one another, was used to essentially “push” the other side, striking down the other side by either being trampled or stabbed by the short swords of the opposing side. This basic formation was the very heart and soul of Greek warfare.
Rome, on the other hand, was improving upon their military as well. Rome’s military was not as original, as they used the same formation of the phalanx at one point in time and even modified tactics used by their enemies; eventually though, Rome developed new tactics and different fighters, including cavalry or alae (Watson). The Roman military system was basically tripartite, or in a three-part system with each part focused on a specific area or spread out amongst the empire (Watson). This military system helped lead Rome to eventually become the largest empire the world had not previously seen and eventually dominated what was the Ancient Greek and even Spartan region. This investigation researches to what extent were the warriors of Rome superior to those of the Spartans in both warfare and lifestyles.
Training
The great empire of Ancient Rome was great enough in size that it was able to build her army with a “mix match” of military cultures, skills, and weaponry (Coulston). This gave Rome different types of people to work with and different ideas on ways of training their soldiers. In general, typical Roman military training consisted of endurance marching, building field fortifications, developing specialist skills, and weapons exercises (Coulston). A form of training within Rome, Disciplina or physical and technical training, helped enhance the bravery of the soldiers along with proper diet and medical support (Coulston). For a warrior heading into the battlefield, the bravery of the soldiers was a necessity to hold the formations performed by the Roman warriors. Coupled with this bravery was the security of medical support mechanisms in the form of surgeons and field medics. Along with disciplina, the weapon training enhanced the speed and performance of the warriors which included...

Find Another Essay On Roman and Spartan Warriors

Daily Life in Ancient Sparta Essay

2721 words - 11 pages and the poor became poorer, This caused poor families to lose their citizen status and Spartan number continued to decline. The tyranny of the Spartans aroused hatred and rebellion among those who had been conquered, and the jealous limitations on citizenship gradually reduced the number of specially trained warriors until only a few hundred remained. Along with their monetary and financial system was too primitive to incorporate with other

Spartan Society related Essay

2021 words - 8 pages organisation and was important in supporting the state with battle strategy and on issues of joining battles. The reliance on religion creates a sense of reassurance for warriors if they had been given a good battle prediction and also a justification for retreat with a bad omen, as seen through Cleomenes. Another function of religion in Spartan society was to train the hoplites. Hoplites were taught religiously devotional dances and songs, but the

Spartan religion

1999 words - 8 pages religion creates a sense of reassurance for warriors if they had been given a good battle prediction and also a justification for retreat with a bad omen, as seen through Cleomenes.Another function of religion in Spartan society was to train the hoplites. Hoplites were taught religiously devotional dances and songs, but the worship taught in the barracks also had military purpose. The song and dance helped with coordinating war movement, as the

Spartans Everyday Lifestyle

1559 words - 6 pages governed their lives around loyalty to the city-state they lived in, the warriors code, simplicity, and humbleness (“Spartans”). At the age of 20, the boys were required to pass a test to become a full citizen of Sparta. The ones who failed, never became citizens but became perioeci, or the middle class. As for the ones who passed the test, they continued to train as soldiers but were required to find a wife and produce more Spartan children

What Constitutes a Spartan in Steven Pressfields' "Gates of Fire"

1696 words - 7 pages Steven Pressfields: Gates of fire is based on a true story of how three hundred courageous warrior Spartans led by their king Leonidas and 700 Thespaian allies held off an army of over one million Persian infantrymen on a narrow pass in Thermopylae Greece in 480 B.C. for seven days. The Spartan Warriors were highly disciplined, physically and mentally tough soldiers that were dedicated to their country and way of life. The three hundred

Role of Women in Ancient Sparta

1230 words - 5 pages most well-known and very distinct form of exercise that Spartan girls and women took part in was the bibasis. This was a highly strenuous exercise which involved jumping up and down, each time hitting their own bottom with their heels. This exercise primarily strengthened the females' thighs and hips which dramatically increased their chances of producing fit and healthy males who would become excellent warriors for Sparta.- Also took up sports

The Spartan Caste System

1675 words - 7 pages The Spartan Caste System setup are the Helots who are slaves and laborers. The Perioeci who were neither slaves nor full citizens. The Spartriates were citizens and warriors. They are the cause of Sparta's fall because they didn't change the government and always being outnumbered. The government didn't change like the rest of the Greek city- states( McArver). The Spartriates were very arrogant because helots still has the ability to fight

“To face the blood and the slaughter” Spartan Society and Values according to Tyrtaeus and Xenophon

1200 words - 5 pages “To face the blood and the slaughter” Spartan Society and Values according to Tyrtaeus and Xenophon “No man ever proves himself a good man in war unless he can endure to face the blood and the slaughter, go against the enemy and fight with his hands.” The preceding was quoted from “The Spartan creed” by the poet Tyrtaeus. There are two authors in this primary resource reading which include Tyrtaeus as well as Xenophon, whom authored “The

Sparta: Uncultured Discipline

1734 words - 7 pages Sparta: Uncultured DisciplineThe Spartans were the most formidable warriors in all of history. They dedicated their entire lives to warfare. They were taught to endure cold, hunger, pain, their courage on the battlefield was second to none. The Spartan code was to fight hard, follow orders without question and to die rather then retreat or surrender. To achieve all this, Sparta sacrificed everything; the arts, culture, and other things that make

Explain the main features of the Spartan Economy. This essay explains the features of the Spartan economy in ancient sparta that contributes to their austere lifestyle

1181 words - 5 pages military state, and the ineffectiveness of some of these structures eventually led to the decline of the Spartan economy.The geography of Sparta enabled provision of sufficient resources to the Spartans. The lands of Laconia and Messene, which were captured by Spartans (and the Laconians and Messenians enslaved/subjugated) became a good food source for Sparta.These two regions had good agricultural land which provided crops in abundance. These crops

Analysis of the Birth of Sparta

1833 words - 7 pages acquired horrific injuries and others died. After the age of 12, they were taught some reading and writing. They only learned what they needed to know. The bulk of the training involved music and dancing. The Spartan warriors were always in synch and their movements were similar to a dance. They used war music to change direction and pace in their formation. In fact, there another event called the “Festival of the Naked Youth” where young, naked boys

Similar Essays

The Spartan Infantry Essay

957 words - 4 pages made him Superior to all other infantry in the Ancient times (with the exception of the Roman Legions). The first aspect to understand Sparta’s military strength was their equipment. Spartan armor was similar to that of other Greek city-states with its bronze greaves, muscled chest plate, and a helmet with cheek plates. One notable difference was that the Spartans wore red capes although they weren’t ever worn in battle. In terms of weapons

Accuracy Of The Film 300 Essay

1216 words - 5 pages early scenes of the movie, as it portrayed the Spartan king, Leonidas, going through this training as a young boy. It was important for the film makers to show this aspect of Sparta, because it truly gave the viewer a greater understanding of Sparta, and why these Spartan men were so superior. One of the main reasons why Spartan warriors were so fearless was because they were taught at a young age that one of the greatest honors which a Spartan man

Sparta Yolo Essay

1454 words - 6 pages test of Sparta, growing up, and become worthy enough to serve in the army. Being placed in a lower social class than the successful warriors punished men who failed to make the ranks. This hierarchy caused competition and made the soldier work even harder Life for a Spartan man was not easy by any means. Plutarch vividly describes their problems in his The Life of Lycurgus, “... they [the Spartans] were the only men in the world with whom war

Willing To Fight For What You Believe In

789 words - 3 pages The story “Palais de Justice” by Mark Helprin is about a defense attorney who has a substantial amount of experience in racing sculls. He’s a rather old fashioned man and when he is challenged by a young man whom he calls a “Spartan”, his knowledge of the waters allows him to navigate his scull with ease and ultimately defeat his opponent. But what does the attorney acquire at the climax of the race? Some might say death and others a greater