Ancient Greece, Sparta especially, and Ancient Rome were best known for their military tactics and strategies. In the Greek city-state Sparta, military went as far as making every male citizen a hoplite, warriors of Ancient Greece, and go through a mandatory training program, agoge, or put through public humiliation (Park and Love). It is impossible to say that both Rome and Sparta neglected the idea of implementing warfare into their daily lives.
Ancient Sparta was the head of the Greek military, at one point the only Greek military. Genius tactics at the time led Sparta to become famous throughout the Mediterranean region as the strongest military force. The hoplites were known for their round shield and carried long spears with short swords (Sidebottom). During times of war, a military formation known as the phalanx, in which was essentially warriors standing in a box formation supporting one another, was used to essentially “push” the other side, striking down the other side by either being trampled or stabbed by the short swords of the opposing side. This basic formation was the very heart and soul of Greek warfare.
Rome, on the other hand, was improving upon their military as well. Rome’s military was not as original, as they used the same formation of the phalanx at one point in time and even modified tactics used by their enemies; eventually though, Rome developed new tactics and different fighters, including cavalry or alae (Watson). The Roman military system was basically tripartite, or in a three-part system with each part focused on a specific area or spread out amongst the empire (Watson). This military system helped lead Rome to eventually become the largest empire the world had not previously seen and eventually dominated what was the Ancient Greek and even Spartan region. This investigation researches to what extent were the warriors of Rome superior to those of the Spartans in both warfare and lifestyles.
The great empire of Ancient Rome was great enough in size that it was able to build her army with a “mix match” of military cultures, skills, and weaponry (Coulston). This gave Rome different types of people to work with and different ideas on ways of training their soldiers. In general, typical Roman military training consisted of endurance marching, building field fortifications, developing specialist skills, and weapons exercises (Coulston). A form of training within Rome, Disciplina or physical and technical training, helped enhance the bravery of the soldiers along with proper diet and medical support (Coulston). For a warrior heading into the battlefield, the bravery of the soldiers was a necessity to hold the formations performed by the Roman warriors. Coupled with this bravery was the security of medical support mechanisms in the form of surgeons and field medics. Along with disciplina, the weapon training enhanced the speed and performance of the warriors which included...