Roman Army's Superiority To The Celts

3338 words - 13 pages

Roman Army's Superiority to the Celts

Sewers, Baths, Toilets, Roads, Theatres and the Cambridge Latin Course
are just a few examples of the wonderful and innovative technology
brought to this country by a much accomplished and conquering Roman
Army. The Roman Army had advanced as far as (Great Britain) conquering
along the way Germania (Germany) and Gaul (France) amongst others.
However their arrival in Britain was greeted by the native Celts who
were 'one of the four great barbarian people (Ephorus 405-330 bc).'
The Celtic tactics and fighting techniques were a stark contrast to
the Roman military and the Celtic philosophy on weaponry and armour
was also different. The battles that emerged were some of the most
intriguing in the history of Great Britain and its people.

In my essay I will be focusing on why the Celts were eventually beaten
by the Roman Army. To do this I will be comparing and evaluating the
Romans and Celts under the general headings of Tactics, Armour and
Weaponry and by doing this I hope to come to conclusions on the Roman
victory over the Celts and how the Romans were superior under those


Firstly lets start with tactics. Not only will I discuss battle
tactics, I will also detail the military setups and organizations
within the two societies.

The Roman Army was one of the first great civilizations to have an
organized and professional military institution. The Roman Army was
similar to our modern British army because it had an army of
extensively trained soldiers who had been organized and were
professionally employed. In other words they got paid and were very
well trained. 'I gave the soldiers their pay and inspected their
weapons. (Periplous 6.1.2)' Also recruits had to go through rigourous
checks (eg.. the minimum height of a soldier had to be 5ft 6in) and
most recruits were there of their own free will because they might
just have wanted to be paid to do something or they might have had
patriotic thoughts (although there was conscription during war time.)
This recruitment policy meant only the strongest and most loyal Roman
citizens became soldiers. 'He made no use of freed men or slaves of
official business' (Tacitus, Agricola chapter 19).

In contrast there was no main Celtic Army. The Celts were instead
groups of 'fierce tribes (Ammianus book XX,1)' that individually
controlled areas of land. This meant in single battles the Celts were
not as strong however this meant progress for the Romans was slow
because there were so many different tribes to defeat. In terms of
military setup this independence meant the tribes were not united
(although Queen Boudicca had most success against Romans by uniting
these tribes) and had very little trained soldiers of any sort or any
organized military army which made it difficult...

Find Another Essay On Roman Army's Superiority to the Celts

How important was the stable family to Roman society?

2388 words - 10 pages looking at how important the stable family unit was to Roman Citizens in both periods of Republic and Empire.Evidence suggests that from around 600BC to the 1st Century AD, families were organized in a similar way to mini Greek city-states. Everybody in one family lived in the same home. Those sharing a home would have included great grandparents, grandparents, parents and children.The family was an important institution to citizens of Ancient Rome

Celtic Britain - Different images of Boudicca, Queen of the Iceni, from Roman times to the Present

1396 words - 6 pages what the Romans did as well as the Celts, Tacitus seems to be more sympathetic towards Boudicca and her cause, and less judgemental of the way she reacted. From this particular part of the source, the picture painted of Boudicca comes across as a patriotic woman who wouldn't take bad treatment lying down. However, Tacitus is not completely free of his people's prejudice. He described the Celtic advance on the Roman troops as sparing "no variety

The Relevance of Edith Wharton’s Roman Fever to the Modern World

1460 words - 6 pages The Relevance of Edith Wharton’s Roman Fever to the Modern World According to the World Health Organization, “of the 75 million children under five in Africa a million and a half die each year of pneumonia.” As distressing and sad as this statistic is, it points out the great danger pneumococcus still is to young people in the developing world. It’s in the developed world, but at a time before antibiotics, at a time when acute respiratory

The Attitudes of the Roman Catholic, Methodist and Anglican Churches to Homosexuality

3143 words - 13 pages The Attitudes of the Roman Catholic, Methodist and Anglican Churches to Homosexuality Homosexuality is the manifestation of sexual desire towards one’s own sex or erotic activity of one’s own sex. At this moment of time, where homosexuals can be more open about their sexuality; the churches of Christianity find that the acceptance of homosexuals is the innermost issue dividing the churches today. The Christian

Investigating the Factors that Led to a Roman Emperor Being Worshipped as a God

3394 words - 14 pages Investigating the Factors that Led to a Roman Emperor Being Worshipped as a God Between Augustus in AD 14 and Constantine in AD 337, 36 out of the 60 emperors were officially deified[1]. Hopkins[2] believes that kings of all eras associate themselves with divine beings in order to secure and legitimise their position in power; likewise, subjects of a nation use divine association to justify the absolute rule of an obscured

Research paper: Emperor Nero of the Roman Empire; "Innocent Child to Insane Tyrant"

1860 words - 7 pages parents and will imitate whatever they see because, to them, their parents are perfect. In the Roman Empire, an emperor named Nero ruled from 54 to 68A.D. (Coffta). Throughout his reign, Nero acted in insane ways and treated his people cruelly. Nero's insanity and cruelty as a ruler was the result of the instability of his childhood.Nero's parents were cruel people with evil intentions, and if it had not been for them, he may not have been as

Describes evolution of the Frankish panoply from the Merovingian to the Carolingian period. compares it to the Roman Legionnaire?

618 words - 2 pages As the Roman army ranks were overwhelmed by the intrusion of the Germanic Barbarians, the Roman Army eventually became "barbarianized" and the end of the heavy infantryman. It is, however, ironic that as the Roman Legionnaire evolved from the large rectangular shield and the heavy shorter sax of a foot soldier to the specialized units (with more and more emphasis on the horse), that the Germans and Franks were still "essentially a people of the

The Fall of the Roman Empire Explains the fate of Rome in the West in the course of the 3rd to 5th centuries AD. Accounts for the role of Christianity for both the Roman West and East.

1172 words - 5 pages Did the Roman Empire really fall? What would later be known as the Byzantine Empire wasn't just an extension of the Roman Empire; it was part of the empire itself that flourished for nearly another millennia. The Western Roman Empire simply declined into a state of existence that made it vulnerable to invaders and was eventually overran by barbarian tribes. Rome had essentially been declining since 180 AD when civil wars occurred up until 285 AD

The Roman Empire - geography and the fall of the empire. strategic geography of Rome had great contributions on the success of the Roman Empire. The Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea allowed Rome...

950 words - 4 pages Untitled The strategic geography of Rome had great contributions on the success of the Roman Empire. The Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea allowed Rome to trade with other civilizations. The Aegean Sea along with the Mediterranean Sea surrounded the Italian peninsula on three coasts, providing Rome greater protection. The Apennine Mountains and the Alps created a protective barrier between Rome and the barbaric invaders. The

Aegean, Greek, Etruscan and Roman Art: A selsection of works to highlight on a tour of the ancient world.

1858 words - 7 pages With a doctorate in art history, it was no wonder that I would quickly climb the corporate ladder at the elite tour company, Athena Excursions. I have recently taken on the sole responsibility of planning an overseas tour to explore the art of the ancient world. Primarily, we will be looking at works from the Aegean, Greek, Etruscan and Roman periods. We will be examining works that encompass the characteristics of the art from these periods

Why the People of Germany in the Early Sixteenth Century Were Prepared to Undermine the Traditions of the Roman Catholic Church

1399 words - 6 pages Why the People of Germany in the Early Sixteenth Century Were Prepared to Undermine the Traditions of the Roman Catholic Church Germany in the eve of the reformation was a very different place to what we recognise it to be today. It was a collective of states each ruled by a prince. Although a minority of people became wealthy due to new trade routes, mining and supply of weaponry, many of the peasants and farmers remained

Similar Essays

Access The View That The Red Army's Victory Led To The Establishment Of Bolshevik Power By 1924.

2375 words - 10 pages Assess the view that the Red Army's victory in the Civil War was responsible for the establishment of Bolshevik power by 1924.Why the reds won:Much credit must go to Trotsky who, despite the criticism aimed at him over the Czech Legion issue, was a brilliant War Commissar. Untrained in military matters, Trotsky seemed to be a natural leader of men. His beliefs were simple. If a Red commander was successful in combat, they were promoted. If a

A Trip To The Roman Theatre

1962 words - 8 pages A Trip to the Roman Theatre Morning at last! I have been waiting for this day for so long. Today is March the 15th. Today is the day when the whole of Italy will celebrate the festival of Anna Perenna -the goddess of the year. I love festivals, because everyone is on holiday and all the citizens are forbidden to work or do business. I am thrilled because I am going to the theatre to see a play. I am very fortunate

Aids To The Growth Of Christianity In The Roman Empire

1651 words - 7 pages Aids to the Growth of Christianity in the Roman Empire In the Roman Civilization where the prevalent worship of Roman gods were impersonal and did not provide a moral base or a message of hope, in the fourth century Christianity was formed, born as a movement within Judaism. Christianity emphasized the personal relationship between God and people, slowly spread through the Roman Empire until ultimately dominating the western culture. Three of

The Roman Empire From The Third Century Crisis To Justinian

1052 words - 4 pages individuals, specifically the army, supported different leaders and this led to many bloody battles and civil wars. As a result, troops left key places on the boarder protecting the Empire in order to fight. This left the frontier weakened and vulnerable to enemies such as the Barbarians in the north and the Persians in the east, who eventually did penetrate deep into the empire. Inflation also plagued the Empire with the collapse of the Roman currency