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Roman Britian Essay

1620 words - 7 pages

History, as with any subject, is something that must be looked at as a whole. To look at a single part of history, whether it be a single day or a single century, and not look to the past will cause confusion and misinterutations. In order to understand the past, and to interperute it as clearly as possible, historians must look to to the events that lead up to event that is being studied. In the case of Anglo-Saxon Britian post Roman occupation, we must learn how the Anglo-Saxon socitey emurged. To do this, the history of pre-roman britian must be observed as well as the Roman ocupation, which eventually led to the Anglo-Saxon presence. Anglo-Saxon Britian was established with the end of ...view middle of the document...

Although there is record that the Greeks visited Britian dating back to the second centuray BC, the Roman Empire did not extend their reach until 60 BC. Julius Ceasar visited Britian after crossing the channel from France. When he found Britian he returned to France and ordered 600 ships to be built. With these ships he sailed back to Britian and attempted conquer the native people. Although Ceasar and his troops failed to win in their first encounter with the British, they prevailed in the second attack. After conquring a town, Ceaser and a majority of his troops returned to Rome, where they soon faced war from all sides. Rome would not send troops to Britian again for almost a hundred years.
Around 40 AD the Roman Emperor Claudius brought Britian back to the attention of the Empire. The Roman Empire, which stretched farther every year, now wanted Britian and all the resources that came with it. Emperor Claudius sent Vispasian to gain control of both Britian and the Isle of Wright, a small island off the southern coast of Britian. Vispasian, who later became emperor, suceeded in bringing Britian under Roman control.
Britan stayed easily under Roman control for a hundred years, until 189 AD. The Roman Emperor Severus was contantly plauged by war and rebellions as well as the defection of British tribes. The fighting continued until Emperor Severus made the decison the seperate the island into two. The northren most part of the island was seperated by a ditch dug from coast to coast and a sod wall was was erected. This wall was the beginning of the famed Hadrian's Wall. Everything below the wall and ditch was under Roman control, while everything north of the wall was ruled by the British tribes.
Hadrian's Wall was contructed in “...” after Emperor Hadrian of Rome decieded that a sod wall was nowhere strong enough of a defense. Hadrian spent his reign putting emphis on a stong government and the use of the military not a weapon of conquest, but as a sheild of defense against attacks.
Life in Roman-Britian in the early years was focused around construction. Although the Britians had many hill forts and the beginnings of urban cities, the Romans looked at theses structures as less than civilized, and started building forts and subquestualy towns. Evidence shows that when Emperor Hadrian came to visit towns, both small and large began to develop quickly. Soon cities had temples, bath houses, places of education, and enterainment. There was a class system that seperated the soliders, the high ranking Romans, the towns people and the slaves.
Despite the seamingly good relationship with the Roman capital, Britian was often ruled indirectly by an offical that lived on the island. When Rome began to have a threatening force of the Viskgoths attacking their settlements, orders to removed troops from Britian was issued. This was is 350 AD. Soon after the troops left for Rome uprisings began in the North. In the following decades the Roman citizens...

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