Roman Civilization Essay

694 words - 3 pages

FIŞĂ DE LUCRUCLASA AIX-APortretul lui Ştefan cel Mare din"Letopiseţul Ţării Moldovei"al lui Grigore Ureche"Fost-au acestu Stefan voda om nu mare la statu, manios si de grabu varsatoriu de sange nevinovat; de multe ori la ospete omoria fara judetu. Amintrilea era om intreg la fire, nelenesu, si lucrul sau il stiia a-l acoperi si unde nu gandiiai, acolo il aflai. La lucruri de razboaie mester, unde era nevoie insusi se viriea, ca vazandu-l al sai, sa nu sa indaraptieze si pentru aceia raru razboiu de nu biruia. Si unde biruia altii, nu perdea nadejdea, ca stiindu-sa cazut jos, sa radica deasupra biruitorilor. Mai apoi, dupa moartea lui, si feciorul sau, Bogdan voda, urma lui luasa, de lucruri vitejesti, cum se tampla din pom bun, roada buna iase. Iara pre Stefan voda l-au ingropat tara cu multa jale si plangere in manastire la Putna, care era zidita de dansul. Atata jale era, de plangea toti ca dupa un parinte al sau, ca cunostiia toti ca s-au scapatu de mult bine si de multa aparatura. Ce dupa moartea lui, pana astazi ii zicu sveti Stefan voda, nu pentru sufletu, ce iaste in mana lui Dumnezeu, ca el inca au fostu om cu pacate ci pentru lucrurile lui cele vitejesti, care niminea din domni, nici mai nainte, nici dupa aceia l-au agiunsu. Fost-au mai nainte de moartea lui Stefan voda intr-acelasi anu iarna grea si geroasa, catu n-au fostu asa nici odinioara si decii preste vara au fostu ploi grele si povoaie de apa si multa inecare de apa s-aufacut."Repere de analiză:-"Letopiseţul Ţării Moldovei" al lui Grigore Ureche îndeplineşte funcţia esenţială a povestirii, de rememorare şi de recuperare a timpurilor trecute.- Involuntar, în una din marile intuiţii critice, George Călinescu îi fixa trăsăturile foarte moderne ale narativităţii: "Are sensul obiectivităţii […]. Este evoluţionist în istorie, în sensul biologic, admiţând că orice naţie (azi am zice civilizaţie) are o începătură, un adaos şi o scădere. Bineînteles e providenţialist, îi descoperim chiar idei politice."-Unul din primele portrete din literatura română reprezintă primul portret literar al atât de cunoscutului domnitor Ştefan cel Mare realizat de cronicarul Grigore Ureche.- Înzestrat fiind cu darul de povestitor, G. Ureche este întemeietorul portretisticii în literatura română veche.- În virtutea talentului său, el selectează figurile domnitorilor sau a boierilor, le ierarhizează, le dă contur propriu, punând alături de...

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