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Roman Empire And Julius Caesar Essay

758 words - 4 pages

Julius Caesar was born on July 12th, 100 BCE in Rome, Italy. He died on March 15th, 44 BCE in Rome, Italy. Caesar joined the army in 81 BC and was the first Roman army commander. He invaded England twice during his reign of power, once in 55 BC and once again in 54 BC. Julius Caesar came from an aristocratic family. He started his education at the age of 6 and was taught by a private tutor named Marcus Antonius Gnipho. He learned to read and write, learned about the Roman law and also how to speak in front of large crowds. His father, Gaius Julius Caesar, was a Praetor who governed the province of Asia. His mother’s name was Aurelia Cotta. After serving in the Roman Army Caesar ...view middle of the document...

Caesar was a brilliant general and commander of an army of over 50,000 loyal men. He gained the loyalty of his soldiers, but some saw him as a cruel man only driven by expanding his own personal and political power. By this, he made enemies of important politicians in Rome. Some senior generals, such as Pompey, were concerned about Caesar’s intentions. In 49 BC, the Senate ordered Caesar to hand over control of his army to their control, but he refused. Instead, Caesar headed to Italy, but paused at the line that divided France and Italy, known as the River Rubicon. Roman law dictated that a governor was not allowed to leave his province. Caesar ignored this law and crossed the River Rubicon to confront his enemies.
Pompey was killed in Egypt in 48 BC. For the next three years, Caesar picked off his enemies one by one, no matter their location. Caesar returned to Rome as a powerful dictator. Caesar’s first wife’ Cornelia, died and he remarried to a wealthy optimate granddaughter of the Emperor Sulla, Pompia. Caesar had enough prestige to effectively support Gnaeus Pompias, later known as Pompey the Great, for a generalship. Though Caesar had become dictator for life and...

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