Roman Engineering Essay

770 words - 3 pages

Cameron 1CameronMatthew CameronMs. SawatskyMrs. J. Kasian-MachovecSocial Studies 8KM29 April 2010Roman EngineeringRome was a great civilization for many things. One of these things that was very important was their engineering. There are many great feats of Roman Engineering, and there are three of them that demonstrate the greatness of Roman Engineering are the Colosseum, the Pantheon, and the Arch of Constantine.The Colosseum was a great building used for many things like gladiatorial games, mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical Mythology. The Colosseum is an amphitheatre, capable of seating 50,000 or more spectators, and it was originally called the Flavian Amphitheatre. It was built from the years 70 to 82 CE under the emperor Vespasian, but it was completed under Titus in 80 CE. This was the time that was just after Emperor Nero and his reign. Also later, Domitian made some modifications during his reign, which was from 81-96 CE. The Colosseum is very large, with an ellipse that is 188 m long, and 156m wide, with 80 arched entrances. The height of the building is 48.5 m or 159 feet, with the measurement of 76 by 44 m for the arena. The building was constructed with a number of materials including brick, tuff, cement, and travertine. The Romans had a very efficient way of building, and it was a great building, being very large even with taking twelve years to build, that was not very long for that time. The Colosseum is located not too far east of the Roman Forum in Central Rome. The Colosseum had intricate drain systems that could control the flow of water to the Colosseum so that they could stage great naval battles and so that they could drain the water afterwards. This was a great thing because the whole city had a great sewer system that also ensured that this drainage system would function properly. This building was such an important thing to those people, that even long after the downfall of Rome, the Italian people have the Colosseum on their five-euro coin.The Pantheon was another great building in Rome's architectural history. It was built in the years 27-25 BCE by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a Roman general, who was also a son-in-law of Octavian, who later became emperor Caesar Augustus. The Pantheon was later rebuilt from 118 to 126 CE by Emperor Hadrian. The building...

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